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Moore, N. (1983). The Archetype of the Way: Part 2 The Ego-Self Relationship. J. Anal. Psychol., 28(3):227-252.
(1983). Journal of Analytical Psychology, 28(3):227-252
The Archetype of the Way: Part 2 The Ego-Self Relationship
The Valley Spirit never dies;
It is the woman, primal mother.
Her gateway is the root of heaven and earth.
It is the mother of ten thousand things.
Being great it flows.
It flows far away.
Having gone far, it returns.
Lao Tzut: Tao Tê Ching
The First Part of this paper introduced the notion of the Way as an archetype, considered the tao and its symbols, and went on to examine the use Jung made of tao in his theory of the self, individuation, the integration of opposites, the returning path and the true centre (MOORE 20).
The second part of the paper follows those ideas about the nature of the Way into its working out in ego development, in the relationship between ego and self and in individuation, and attempts to bring together archetypal material with developmental psychology and with personal bodily experience, in the environment and with partners.
Ego and Self
Jung does not as such describe an archetype of the Way, nor one of individuation. When he draws on the philosophy of tao, the Great Way, to elucidate his ideas of individuation, he compares the outgoing aspect of tao with the actualising role of the self, as against the opposite centre verting aspect of tao—the inner returning way that tends back to the centre—which inspired his idea of the containing totality self. These two natures of tao correspond to his concept of the dual nature of the self—a containing potentiating whole, and an outgoing, dynamic actualising force. The archetype of the Way embraces the two directional forces emanating from the self—centripetal and centrifugal—but particularly pertains to the outgoing force shown in individuation.
Individuation is not the Way archetype, but is one manifestation of it; evolution, the extending boundary of science, the development of mathematics, and of astronomy, are others. All these may be symbolised in images of an actual journey, in such phrases as ‘the march of civilisation’, ‘the path of evolution’, or ‘life's journey’.
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