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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Borowitz, E. (1992). Rewind: Concepts of Psychoanalytic Change. Mod. Psychoanal., 17(1):69-83.

(1992). Modern Psychoanalysis, 17(1):69-83

Rewind: Concepts of Psychoanalytic Change

Estelle Borowitz, Ph.D.

Of Gear Shifts and Paradignm Shifts

When presenting themselves for therapy, people are usually jaware that something needs changing. This suggests that something persists which has becomde a problem. As we listen of their stories we often conclude that they have tried a number of ways to improve their situations as they have tried a number of ways to improve their situations as they perceive and live them. So in coming to an expert they anticipate obtaining a new slant on their difficulties that will be beneficial.

Do we get the feeling that the problems result from a deviation from the norm of an existing system which is otherwise adequate, or do we get the feeling that the system ittself needs changing? In the latter case it would mean that one has to “shift gears rather than push the gas pedal to the floorboard” (Watzlawick, Weakland and Fisch, 1974, p. 38). To proceed effectively in making a determination requires learning the patient's language and understanding the patient's conceptual framework (ibid., p. 104).

Perusing the Festchrift in honor of Hyman Spotnitz's 80th birthday (Sheftel, ed., 1991), I am struck by the effectiveness of this premise in developing his uniique theory of technique (reflected in this unique concept of a festschrift). Spontniitz accdepts and amplifies the analysand's position in a way that is not expected, that produces surprise, and even confusion.

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