Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To search for text within the article you are viewing…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can use the search tool of your web browser to perform an additional search within the current article (the one you are viewing). Simply press Ctrl + F on a Windows computer, or Command + F if you are using an Apple computer.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Coriat, I.H. (1935). Stammering and Allied Disorders: By C. S. Bluemel, M.A., M.D., F.A.C.P., M.R.C.S.(Eng.). New York: The Macmillan Co., 1935. vi+182 p.. Psychoanal Q., 4:659-662.

(1935). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 4:659-662

Stammering and Allied Disorders: By C. S. Bluemel, M.A., M.D., F.A.C.P., M.R.C.S.(Eng.). New York: The Macmillan Co., 1935. vi+182 p.

Review by:
Isador H. Coriat

The various current theories which have been promulgated to explain stammering, may be roughly divided into five groups, viz.: (1) Neurological (a disturbance of brain dominance); (2) Weak or absent visualization; (3) Auditory amnesia; (4) Psychoanalytic (a pregenital neurosis); (5) Partial or intermittent inhibition of the conditioned reflex of speech. It is to the last of these theories that the present volume is devoted.

According to the author, stammering may be divided into primary and secondary types. In the primary stammering of childhood, there is an increased susceptibility to speech disturbance because the conditioned reflex of speech has not become firmly fixed and therefore is immature and vulnerable. It is this vulnerability which produces inhibition from illness or emotional shock; this frustrates the conditioned reflex of speech thus producing stammering. Secondary stammering is the later period of sequelæ, an emotional conditioning in which the anxiety produced by association or associative inhibition has a selective influence upon words, letters, persons and situations. This latter viewpoint is open to serious objections. The conditioned inhibition with its selective influence on isolated words or letters is not physiological but is unconsciously motivated or the blocking of speech may be related to some phase or factor in the pregenital organization. Furthermore, in this discussion on primary and secondary stammering, both are referred to as if they were preëminently conditioned speech defects, whereas, on the contrary, as pointed out by the reviewer (in this QUARTERLY II), the beginnings of stammering in childhood are not of a psychoneurotic nature.


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.