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Feigenbaum, D. (1936). On Projection. Psychoanal Q., 5:303-319.

(1936). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 5:303-319

On Projection

Dorian Feigenbaum


Summarizing, we note that: (a) projection belongs to the peripheral-active group of defense mechanisms, in contradistinction to the central-passive one, and that it is the most aggressive in its group; (b) the target of this aggressive defense mechanism may be either an object-cathexis (exosomatic projection) or a bodily organ (endosomatic projection); (c) projection is a preferred method of defense in conditions characterized by a struggle for genitality, such as in convalescence from neurosis, in early phases of psychosis, and in delinquency, in which it facilitates the establishment of introjects of the second order, as well as a superego of the second order; and (d) all forms of projection are reducible to a fundamental defense mechanism appearing in various clinical pictures corresponding to a gamut of specific stages of development, ranging from the "normal" in dreams, beliefs, superstition, prejudice and creative work, to the pathological in hysteria, hypochondria, phobia, depression and paranoia.

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