Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To keep track of most cited articles…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

You can always keep track of the Most Cited Journal Articles on PEP Web by checking the PEP Section found on the homepage.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Sperling, O.E. (1950). The Interpretation of the Trauma as a Command. Psychoanal Q., 19:352-370.

(1950). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 19:352-370

The Interpretation of the Trauma as a Command

Otto E. Sperling, M.D.


Present theoretical approaches to the psychoanalytic understanding of war neurosis are insufficient to explain its various manifestations and related conditions after civilian accidents and in extreme situations. War neuroses and civilian traumatic neuroses are based on the conflict between love and hatred—transferred from the Oedipus complex to society (the country)

as a whole. A trauma is a stimulus which is interpreted on a regressive animistic level as a command. In some cases of war neurosis which offer great difficulties in treatment, the traumata have led to the establishment of a parasitic superego which represents the enemy's commands.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.