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Macalpine, I. (1950). The Development of the Transference. Psychoanal Q., 19:501-539.

(1950). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 19:501-539

The Development of the Transference

Ida Macalpine, M.D.

SUMMARY

1. Attention is drawn to the absence of a clear understanding of the fundamental concept of analytic transference, and the reasons for this deficiency are outlined. 2. The discrepancies and uncertainties about the term are demonstrated. 3. Despite fundamental differences of opinion about the nature of transference there is a surprising unanimity and full accord about the causation of transference manifestations. These are held to arise spontaneously from within the analysand (the neurotic). 4. A hypothesis is presented disputing the spontaneous emergence

of transference. 5. From a close analogy drawn between hypnotic and analytic transferences it is inferred that the analogy extends to the production of these phenomena: that analytic transference is induced in a 'transference-ready' analysand actively, and from the analytic environment. 6. The analysand is exposed to a rigid infantile setting to which he has gradually to adapt by regression. 7. The factors which constitute this infantile setting are described and discussed; the problems arising out of this 'activity' and their influence on the patient are approached. 8. Conclusions are drawn from this conception regarding stages in analysis, and a definition of 'transference neurosis' is advanced. Resistance, countertransference, and accessibility to psychoanalytic treatment are discussed. Psychoanalytic transference is defined and its resolution critically surveyed.

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