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Tip: To review the bibliography…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

It is always useful to review an article’s bibliography and references to get a deeper understanding of the psychoanalytic concepts and theoretical framework in it.

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Overholser, W. (1954). Psychosis and Civilization: Two Studies in the Frequency of Mental Disease: By Herbert Goldhamer and Andrew W. Marshall. Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1953. 126 pp.. Psychoanal Q., 23:129-130.

(1954). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23:129-130

Psychosis and Civilization: Two Studies in the Frequency of Mental Disease: By Herbert Goldhamer and Andrew W. Marshall. Glencoe, Illinois: The Free Press, 1953. 126 pp.

Review by:
Winfred Overholser

Esquirol, who first applied the statistical method to the study of mental disease, presented a 'memoire' to the Academy of Medicine in 1824 in which he asked, 'Are there now more mentally ill than there were forty years ago?' The question is often repeated today, but until now most of the replies have been given in the name of Echo.

This study, compiled by two social statisticians of the Rand Corporation, is a careful investigation of a century of rates of admission of patients to mental hospitals in Massachusetts, a state in which detailed data are available, thanks to such early workers as Pliny Earle, Samuel Woodward, Edward Jarvis, and in more recent times Dr. Neil Dayton. The authors have been able thus to compute age-specific rates for first admissions for the five-year periods 1840-1884 and for 1885, which they compare with those for the period 1917-1940. Briefly, they conclude that in the age groups thirty to fifty there has been no increase in the frequency of admissions among men and women between 1885 and the contemporary period (p. 57).

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