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(1954). Psychiatric Quarterly. XXVII, 1953: Involutional Melancholia. J. Barnett, A. Lefford, and D. Pushman. Pp. 654-662.. Psychoanal Q., 23:466-467.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Psychiatric Quarterly. XXVII, 1953: Involutional Melancholia. J. Barnett, A. Lefford, and D. Pushman. Pp. 654-662.

(1954). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23:466-467

Psychiatric Quarterly. XXVII, 1953: Involutional Melancholia. J. Barnett, A. Lefford, and D. Pushman. Pp. 654-662.

The authors describe certain agitated depressions occurring in anal-compulsive characters during their middle years and compare them to reactive depressions in normal individuals. In agitated depression, the hostility of the ego is directed against an object incorporated in early childhood; in reactive depression, against an object currently lost and then incorporated. The ego of the anal character has been successful in meeting the demands of a severe superego until the failure that precipitates the depression makes it impossible to continue to

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do so. The agitation is due to the inability of the ego to bind anxiety in expectation of punishment, and to the consequent release of the anxiety in motor activity. Two case histories are presented illustrating the authors' thesis.

The authors unfortunately seem to be merely working over Freud's Mourning and Melancholia and Abraham's Manic-Depressive States and the Pregenital Levels of the Libido.

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Article Citation

(1954). Psychiatric Quarterly. XXVII, 1953. Psychoanal. Q., 23:466-467

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