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Jackson, D.D. (1954). Some Factors Influencing the Oedipus Complex. Psychoanal Q., 23:566-581.

(1954). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23:566-581

Some Factors Influencing the Oedipus Complex

Don D. Jackson, M.D.


Clinical material from a group of six female patients is presented to characterize a type of reaction related to emotional difficulties in their Oedipal situations as a consequence of the special circumstances of their rearing. This communication attempts to emphasize the specific character of the parental interaction as a decisive factor in the patient's personality.

From their behavior, these women appeared to have a strong sexual attachment to the father and they were constantly

creating triangular situations in their personal relationships. Beneath this lay an unresolved longing for the mother that kept them from genuinely relating to men or to women. Their lack of identification with the mother and overcompensatory attachment to the father made them feel like boys who despised their femaleness and were afraid of and competitive with men. The main devices for escaping their unbearable dilemma were pregnancy fantasies or actual childbearing. The parental interaction constituted a nidus for the development of the girl's hysterical and phobic symptoms, and acting out.

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