Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To see definitions for highlighted words…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Some important words in PEP Web articles are highlighted when you place your mouse pointer over them. Clicking on the words will display a definition from a psychoanalytic dictionary in a small window.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Lander, J. (1954). Meetings of the New York Psychoanalytic Society. Psychoanal Q., 23:628-629.

(1954). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 23:628-629

Meetings of the New York Psychoanalytic Society

Joseph Lander

February 23, 1954. A UNITARY HYPOTHESIS OF ANXIETY AND RELATED DISPLEASURE EMOTIONS. Abram Blau, M.D.

The psychology of emotion has two distinct facets: affect, which is an inner kinetic reaction comprising enteroceptive, proprioceptive, and verbal-representational components; and expression of emotion, a learned faculty acquired under environmental and cultural influences. The roots of emotion are in the basic vital activities. Homeostatic equilibrium is maintained by intricate and automatic physiological mechanisms through the vegetative autonomic system. It is suggested that anxiety is the primary emotion of displeasure and the basic source of other displeasure emotions. As the child matures, it develops secondary displeasure emotions of rage (aggression), fear (evasion), and depression (submission). Still later, tertiary displeasure emotions arise; guilt, shame, and disgust. These secondary and tertiary emotions are essentially spontaneous attempts by the individual to alter reality, to obtain relief from anxiety. In the first few months of life there is a physiology rather than a psychology of emotion or affect. Only later, with inner awareness of unpleasantness associated with the visceral reaction, is there an anxiety reaction comparable to the adult reaction. The signal reaction of anxiety appears with the growth of perceptive and executive capacities of the ego as it becomes able to anticipate stimuli of anxiety. Anxiety has two components connected with danger to the integrity of the organism.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.