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Solomon, I. (1962). Meetings of the New York Psychoanalytic Society. Psychoanal Q., 31:300.

(1962). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 31:300

Meetings of the New York Psychoanalytic Society

Irwing Solomon

DISCUSSION: Dr. Emanuel Klein cautioned that it is necessary to make a sharp distinction between direct observations and theoretical constructions. It was hazardous to suppose that this group has a higher degree of congenital aggression than, for instance, Germans, Japanese, or Americans. He also noted that in a warlike people such characteristics as the ability to coöperate and the presence of a kind of idealism and self-sacrifice were also important. Dr. Gustav Bychowski asked about the presence of true psychoses and the possible effect of making interpretations of an analytic nature concerning ghosts and introjects. Dr. Marcel Heiman raised questions about the kinds of feeding and weaning seen in this tribe. Dr. Edward Joseph inquired about the role of the father, the prevalence of homosexuality, and the nature of the Oedipus complex. The possible effects on aggression of cradling during the first year were discussed. Dr. Oscar Sachs made some comparisons with the Bantu tribe of South Africa and suggested also comparing the Ute Indians with the Zulu tribe. Dr. Charles Brenner raised questions about the dynamics of suicide in this tribe, the nature of the superego, and the apparent lack of a magical method for making amends for fantasy murders which appeared in the data to require self-destruction. Dr. Max Schur asked for details concerning experiments that have been set up under this project.

Dr. Margolin in his response stressed that he was putting forward a hypothesis concerning congenital aggression which would be tested on the basis of experiments which had been or were being set up. He described some of these in greater detail and presented more data in reply to specific questions.

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