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Krasner, R.F. (1984). Contemporary Psychoanalysis, XVIII. 1982: Follow the Thoughts: An Inquiry into the Vicissitudes of Psychoanalytic Supervision. Edgar Levenson. Pp. 1-15.. Psychoanal Q., 53:339-340.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Contemporary Psychoanalysis, XVIII. 1982: Follow the Thoughts: An Inquiry into the Vicissitudes of Psychoanalytic Supervision. Edgar Levenson. Pp. 1-15.

(1984). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 53:339-340

Contemporary Psychoanalysis, XVIII. 1982: Follow the Thoughts: An Inquiry into the Vicissitudes of Psychoanalytic Supervision. Edgar Levenson. Pp. 1-15.

Ronald F. Krasner

In an effort to clarify the process of psychoanalytic supervision, Levenson starts with a simple observation from his own experience. When he supervises, he notes, "all is clear to me." However, when he is doing therapy, he is "perplexed, bored, confused and at sea." The difference between supervision and psychotherapy is a result of the employment of a higher level of abstraction in the supervisory process. Levenson enumerates six different styles of supervision: 1) Holding or Confirming—the supervisor is neutral; 2) Teutonic or By the Numbers—the supervisor teaches a manual of prescribed situations and responses; 3) the Algorithmic Approach—the supervisor teaches a series of steps; 4) the Metatherapeutic Approach—the

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supervisor works with the countertransference; 5) the Zen Method—the supervisor is confronting; and 6) Preceptorship—the supervisor points out the similarities between the supervisor-student relationship and the student-patient relationship. Levenson suggests that a particular algorithm consisting of three parts should be employed. The first step to be taught is how to establish psychoanalytic constraints and limits. The second is how to conduct an extended inquiry. Third, transference, here defined as "the way that the patient and therapist will behave around what they are talking about within the framework established by the constraints of therapy," is to be fostered. In support of this algorithmic method Levenson summarizes: "what appeals about the algorithmic approach is that it is useful to have a method that works even when you can't be sure why."

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Article Citation

Krasner, R.F. (1984). Contemporary Psychoanalysis, XVIII. 1982. Psychoanal. Q., 53:339-340

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