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Wilson, E., Jr. (1987). Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVI, 1982: Classical Treatment and Reality. Francis Pasche. Pp. 981-1001.. Psychoanal Q., 56:596-597.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVI, 1982: Classical Treatment and Reality. Francis Pasche. Pp. 981-1001.
Pasche asks whether classical analysis has a future. Or has it been simply a transient phenomenon linked to a certain period of history, that of the decline of religion and the questioning of traditional family and social values concomitant with rapid scientific progress? Will new ideologies, bearing new and perhaps better founded values, invalidate psychoanalysis? One might expect it to disappear along with a certain life style, as a luxury that can no longer be afforded, an artifact of certain socioeconomic conditions. The periodic, isolated meeting of analyst and patient, its apparent lack of direction, it maladaptiveness with respect to daily life, could be viewed as futile, artificial, unreal; for nothing transpires in the analytic setting except desires, dreams, fantasies, memories, and the words to say them. But what is reality? Pasche explores the difference between representations and reality,
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with attention to the philosophical complexities of the problems involved. Reality plays a large part in psychoanalytic treatment, for all the "unreal" appearance that the procedure may seem to have. Pasche emphasizes the benevolent neutrality of the analyst, through which the patient recovers the earlier stages in the development of the real ego and the real attitude of the mother, beyond the distortions inflicted by the pleasure-ego. thus the analyst's neutrality and abstinence are not fantasies of the patient but are real and effective. The aim of treatment is a deconstruction of the incarcerated and distorted earlier stages of reality through a knowledge of the past, with the possibility of utilizing anew the energy and resources thus freed. Pasche sees the psychoanalytic situation as derived from the very early stages of infantile life in the mother-child relation, and more generally in adult-child relationships. What Freud discovered empirically can now be justified metapsychologically, and our metapsychology must be put, similarly, to the proof of our experience.
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Wilson, E., Jr. (1987). Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVI, 1982. Psychoanal. Q., 56:596-597