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Wilson, E., Jr. (1990). Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVIII, 1984: Homosexuality—Unconscious or Preconscious Guilt? Nicos Nicolaidis. Pp. 731-743.. Psychoanal Q., 59:168-168.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVIII, 1984: Homosexuality—Unconscious or Preconscious Guilt? Nicos Nicolaidis. Pp. 731-743.

(1990). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 59:168-168

Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVIII, 1984: Homosexuality—Unconscious or Preconscious Guilt? Nicos Nicolaidis. Pp. 731-743.

Emmett Wilson, Jr.

How could there be a system Ucs. which is merely a photocopier that retains repressed representations exactly as they were? Can one hold that representations, returning from the repressed, appear as they were before the repression, without transformation by the dynamics of the unconscious and by the economic-symbolic function of the psychic apparatus? Freud's notion that in the unconscious the only regulation that is possible is that of the pleasure-unpleasure principle is the cornerstone of any psychoanalysis that claims to be dynamic. Yet it is from this proposition that the difficulties start, as when Freud speaks of unconscious guilt, etc. If something in the unconscious is regulated only by pleasure-unpleasure, how can it retain the characteristics that it had when conscious or preconscious? There is a difference for Nicolaidis between simple unconscious representation and repressed unconscious representations. What characteristics do "unconscious homosexual feelings" retain when repressed and under the direction of primary process, which only recognizes pleasure-unpleasure? Do they retain a specifically homosexual character? For Nicolaidis, every repressed representation loses all its qualities except those of pleasure and unpleasure, every other cathexis being withdrawn and given over to the representation used for counter-cathexis, as the preconscious protects itself from the force of the unconscious representation. The result is that the unconscious representation loses its character of guilt but retains one of unpleasure. This suggestion counters the embarrassment of supposing a double registration in consciousness and in the unconscious, a problem that Freud raised at certain points in his theorizing but left unanswered.

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Article Citation

Wilson, E., Jr. (1990). Revue Française De Psychanalyse. XLVIII, 1984. Psychoanal. Q., 59:168-168

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