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Edgar, J.R. (1990). Psychoanalytic Inquiry. VIII, 1988: Case Discussion and Position Statement. Paulina F. Kernberg. Pp. 535-545.. Psychoanal Q., 59:330-331.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Psychoanalytic Inquiry. VIII, 1988: Case Discussion and Position Statement. Paulina F. Kernberg. Pp. 535-545.

(1990). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 59:330-331

Psychoanalytic Inquiry. VIII, 1988: Case Discussion and Position Statement. Paulina F. Kernberg. Pp. 535-545.

James R. Edgar

Kernberg's discussion is labeled an object relations point of view. She disagrees with other interpersonal object relations theoreticians (Sullivan, Guntrip, and Kohut), saying that internalized object relations do not reflect only actual past relations but combinations of actual and fantasied object relations and defenses against them. The more significant the psychopathology, the more interpersonal the clinical

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picture appears. This does not necessarily mean that the etiology is more interpersonal. In the analysis of transference one can see the relationship between intrapsychic structure and object relations. Kernberg outlines how this occurs. She discusses empathy, attunement, and social referencing, the latter clearly an interpersonal phenomenon, and she underlines the importance of these for a successful analytic process. With this background she discusses the clinical material bridging the conceptual gap from intrapsychic defense mechanism to its expression as an interpersonal transference resistance. Her understanding of the basic intrapsychic conflicts of the case appears to be much the same as Schlesinger's. Her emphasis on empathy, social referencing, and framing the transference in interpersonal terms are interpersonal additions to his discussion.

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Article Citation

Edgar, J.R. (1990). Psychoanalytic Inquiry. VIII, 1988. Psychoanal. Q., 59:330-331

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