Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To use Evernote for note taking…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Evernote is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser. You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

Some of the things you can do with Evernote:

  • Save search-result lists
  • Save complete articles
  • Save bookmarks to articles

 

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Locke, S.E. (1994). Mind/body: The Effects of Stress and Relaxation on the In Vitro Immune Response in Man: A Meta-Analytic Study. Y. R. Rood; M. Bogaards; E. Goulmy; H. C. Houwelingen. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. XVI, 1993. Pp. 163-181.. Psychoanal Q., 63:602-602.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Mind/body: The Effects of Stress and Relaxation on the In Vitro Immune Response in Man: A Meta-Analytic Study. Y. R. Rood; M. Bogaards; E. Goulmy; H. C. Houwelingen. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. XVI, 1993. Pp. 163-181.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 63:602-602

Mind/body: The Effects of Stress and Relaxation on the In Vitro Immune Response in Man: A Meta-Analytic Study. Y. R. Rood; M. Bogaards; E. Goulmy; H. C. Houwelingen. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. XVI, 1993. Pp. 163-181.

Steven E. Locke

Does stress impair and can relaxation techniques enhance human immune function? This paper is the first published study in which the investigators used the statistical tool of meta-analysis to examine these important questions. Meta-analysis searches for consistency and aggregate statistical significance among the findings of a collection of experimental studies, many of which contain conflicting results. Dutch investigators used meta-analytic techniques to examine the findings of 24 stress studies and 10 relaxation studies. Inconsistency of study designs limited the ability to pool the findings for the analysis because many studies were not comparable. Furthermore, methodological inadequacies of many of the primary studies eliminated them from the analysis. The meta-analysis permits the determination of consistency of direction of change as well as statistical significance. Among over 20 immunologic variables in the stress studies and 5 immunological variables in the relaxation studies, only a few showed both a consistent and a significant pattern. Stress was associated with consistent and significant declines in interleukin-2 receptor expression and increases in Epstein Barr Virus antibody titers—both suggesting relative immunosuppression. Relaxation was associated with consistent and significant changes in only one of 5 immunological variables, salivary immunoglobulin A levels, which were increased by relaxation training. This study underscores the methodologic deficiencies in this body of research. However, the results are suggestive that psychosocial stress can suppress and relaxation training can enhance some parameters of human immunity under certain circumstances. There is a need for more replication studies. Because the popular media give more attention to the positive studies than to the negative ones, the public has tended to accept uncritically the idea that stress impairs immunity and that relaxation can enhance it.

- 602 -

Article Citation

Locke, S.E. (1994). Mind/body. Psychoanal. Q., 63:602-602

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.