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Having a PEP-Web subscription grants you access to IJP Open. This new feature allows you to access and review some articles of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis before their publication. The free subscription to IJP Open is required, and you can access it by clicking here.

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Wangh, M. (1994). Journal of Social Work and Policy in Israel. V-Vi (Special Issue), 1992: Modes of Transgenerational Transmission of the Trauma of Nazi Persecution and their Appearance in Treatment. Ludwig Haesler. Pp. 51-60.. Psychoanal Q., 63:610.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Journal of Social Work and Policy in Israel. V-Vi (Special Issue), 1992: Modes of Transgenerational Transmission of the Trauma of Nazi Persecution and their Appearance in Treatment. Ludwig Haesler. Pp. 51-60.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 63:610

Journal of Social Work and Policy in Israel. V-Vi (Special Issue), 1992: Modes of Transgenerational Transmission of the Trauma of Nazi Persecution and their Appearance in Treatment. Ludwig Haesler. Pp. 51-60.

Martin Wangh

Haesler, a non-Jewish German psychoanalyst, describes how painful it is to endure the countertransference experience in treating survivors or their offspring. The Holocaust trauma cannot be categorized under the usual labels of neurosis or mourning. The danger of an explosion of immeasurable pain upon memory is just too great. One way of obtaining some relief comes by delegating the trauma to the next generation. The offspring feel that to refuse to accept this trauma would be to murder the parents. So during treatment, such role assignments have to be accepted by the analyst, who is seen as a selfobject, that is, as someone who is such a murderer. In submitting to such assignment, the analyst becomes a self-hating German. Only constant self-analysis offers salvation, not only for the analyst, but also for the course and outcome of the analysis. The analyst's endurance makes the pathology of the survivors endurable to the second generation. The more guilt, rage, sadness, horror, hatred, and grief the analyst is able to withstand, the more the patient learns to integrate that which he or she could not integrate as a child.

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Article Citation

Wangh, M. (1994). Journal of Social Work and Policy in Israel. V-Vi (Special Issue), 1992. Psychoanal. Q., 63:610

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