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Having a PEP-Web subscription grants you access to IJP Open. This new feature allows you to access and review some articles of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis before their publication. The free subscription to IJP Open is required, and you can access it by clicking here.

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Dunn, J. (1994). The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. I, 1993: On Shame and Humiliation. Some Notes on Early Development and Pathology. Herman Sarphatie. Pp. 191-204.. Psychoanal Q., 63:814-815.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. I, 1993: On Shame and Humiliation. Some Notes on Early Development and Pathology. Herman Sarphatie. Pp. 191-204.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 63:814-815

The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. I, 1993: On Shame and Humiliation. Some Notes on Early Development and Pathology. Herman Sarphatie. Pp. 191-204.

Jonathan Dunn

Sarphatie differentiates the phenomenology and function of shame from shyness, humiliation, humiliation fury, and narcissistic rage. Each of these affective experiences plays a particular role in psychological development, internal regulation, social customs, moral values, ego ideals, and psychopathology, particularly the narcissistic disorders. Shame emerges from the act of giving up self-determination and power. While shame always carries a sense of exposure, the external other's attitude

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must be accepted by the shamed one; in this sense, the shame experience always involves self-rejection. Sarphatie posits the beginning of shame around two years of age, when subordination to authority and an experience of negative self-evaluation can be mentally symbolized. He discusses the parents' impact on the development of the child's healthy and pathological shame in terms of ego flexibility and ego inhibition. He finally notes the importance of addressing the analysand's shame in treatment.

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Article Citation

Dunn, J. (1994). The Dutch Annual of Psychoanalysis. I, 1993. Psychoanal. Q., 63:814-815

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