The author defines the function of repetition in the analytic process in terms of the space between repetition as resistance and repetition as the basis of something new. Between repetition as resistance and as the basis of the new, transference appears in its objective and narcissistic aspects. Interpretative work aims at abandoning the repetition of that which is identical and that which protects the subject from deathanxiety and absence of representation, at the risk of immobility and closure. The analytic setting favors the repetition of sameness to open the way to new psychical productions.
The dynamic aspect of transference requires a working through that will reorganize the unconscious-conscious dimension, but will also reorganize the psychic economy, therefore requiring a strategy and a “necessary time” for psychic work. This time will allow the patient the organization of a “psychic space” to recover contact with his or her own desire and thought.
In the clinical work the analyst must pay attention to the preconscious, which mediates unconscious-conscious relations and internal-external connections. Inter- pretation is the vehicle of representation in words through which the analyst's analyzing function will be introjected. The analyst must first try to associate rather than to know, and must be surprised by his or her own associative capacity. The analytic process will be organized by interpretations in the transference, in which the analyst becomes the figure on whom the patient finds support against anxiety; the risk of early interpretation of unconsciousfantasy is that it may reinforce the attack by a persecuting superego projected onto the analyst. The interpretation in the transference therefore precedes that of the transference. (The first refers to the description of the emergent phenomena of the relation the analysand develops with the analyst, the latter describes these phenomena as part of a history with the primary objects.) Following Diatkine and Simon, the author believes that interpretation attributes meaning not only in contents, but also to the contradictions evoked by the analytic situation. Although there are exceptions to this rule, interpretation in the transference can be closer to the preconscious and interpretation of the transference
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can be more explanatory (addressed to the system perception-consciousness), more univalent and reductive.
The clinical case concerns a twelve-year-old boy with severe inhibitions and an early history of surgical trauma, followed by what was perhaps secondaryautism. Though recovered from the latter, the boy then developed severe behavioral problems, especially episodes of rage and developmental delays of motor and speech functions. Geographic circumstances made analysis impossible; the treatment offered was psychoanalytic psychodrama, on a once-a-week basis, a treatment which lasted eight years. Conducted by the author and René Diatkine, the session had an “animator”—who had the interpretative role—and four co-therapists of both sexes, who potentially could also intervene. The patient proposed the scenes. The play with this boy was stereotypical for six years. But then the patient, already an adolescent, made a direct connection between the psychodrama scenes and his own life history. The mediation by play had allowed the reconnection in his mental functioning. A representational process could now begin.
To conclude, the author discusses causality from the point of view of analysis—not as linear and continuous but as discontinuous and established a posteriori—and clarifies his distinction of narrative and historical truth as well as psychic and materialreality. He maintains the importance of these differentiations while asserting the impossibility of achieving the distinction. In this context he also argues for the tentativeness of interpretation and advocates giving up a narcissistic fight for “the truth” in favor of “a truth” that always leaves an unknown.
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Chiarandini, I.C. (1996). Revista de Psicoanálisis.. Psychoanal. Q., 65:849-850