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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Fast, I. (1991). Commentary on “Father and Daughter: Identification with Difference—A Contribution to Gender Heterodoxy. Psychoanal. Dial., 1(3):301-304.

(1991). Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 1(3):301-304

Commentary on “Father and Daughter: Identification with Difference—A Contribution to Gender Heterodoxy Related Papers

Irene Fast, Ph.D.

Benjamin's topic is penis envy. Her focus is one aspect of the constellation of factors that Freud associated with it: the girl's wish, when she becomes aware of sex difference, to be a boy. Benjamin places this wish in the context of developments in gender identity and separation-individuation, which converge when girls are about 18-24 months of age. The girl's wish to be a boy, she suggests, is not responsive to feelings of genital inferiority as conceived in Freud's drive theory; conflicts about gender limits are a later development. The wish is a developmentally progressive identification with the father in the context of the girl's newly developing sense of personal will, intention, and agency.

Benjamin's own clinical observations and those of others, as well as patterns of relationship she finds in imaginative literature, suggest to her that this relationship takes a particular form. The girl wants to be recognized by her father as a subject of desire, a person who can want and act appropriately to fulfill her wants. In a relationship of identificatory love she wants to be accepted by him as his little boy.

Benjamin argues that the girl's turn to the father for recognition of herself as a subject of desire is rooted both in the family structure dominant in this society and in a phase-appropriate developmental conflict. In current family organization, she suggests, the mother is largely a source of goodness for the young child, and the father is a subject of desire. The girl, therefore, like the boy, finds in the father a mirror of her own sense of agency in a way not easily found in the mother.

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