(2003). Psychoanalytic Dialogues, 13(2):243-272
Foucault challenged the unified, the foundational, and the codified system of because he believed that the epistemological attached to “scientific” theory lead to a dominating . This occurs, Foucault believed, not only through social institutions, but also through the , rituals, and practices of ordinary communicative experiences, which are vehicles for the subtle domination of ; and all serves power and the hierarchy. Engaging with Foucault, I challenge some traditional psychoanalytic views and indicate how the psychoanalytic contributed to the shaping of female . Using a “genealogical” approach such as Foucault considered, I trace some of the historical factors as well as the Zeitgeist for women that shaped early psychoanalytic views. I offer, as well, challenges to Foucault's because I maintain the relevance of truth claims for the advancement of a psychoanalytic and . Such claims, however, need to be held lightly, , as they inevitably are, to revision through the acquisition of new . I present the system as a contrast, as well as an addition to some traditional theorizing, thereby expanding our notions of early and its interdependent base. I especially challenge the concept of early- and its role in limiting and constraining women's lives.
In this article I focus primarily on the power relations that have shaped female and have influenced our and understanding of female . I challenge some normative views. Such a challenge to normativity is consistent with Foucault's entire intellectual journey, as his biographer comments .
My vision includes a conviction about the importance of theory and its , and it proceeds from my focus on research data about the organization of mind and the nature of early bonding. I my presentation of female around the inclusion of such . I concede that as I upend an old “truth” about the developmental line of female , I am establishing a new one that will need future interrogation. My hope is that the new will offer another perspective to our view of female .