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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Scarcella, E. (2016). Transformation: Jung's Legacy and Clinical Work Today, edited by Alessandra Cavalli, Lucinda Hawkins, and Martha Stevns, Karnac Books, London, 2013, 288 pp., $40.95.. Psychodyn. Psych., 44(1):133-137.

(2016). Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 44(1):133-137

Transformation: Jung's Legacy and Clinical Work Today, edited by Alessandra Cavalli, Lucinda Hawkins, and Martha Stevns, Karnac Books, London, 2013, 288 pp., $40.95.

Review by:
Erminia Scarcella, M.D., D.L.F.A.P.A.

I read this book with pleasure because I was able to immerse myself with great interest in the Jung and post-Jung psychoanalytic thinkers. The main goal of this book is to make a good bridge between theory of analytic psychology of Carl Gustav Jung and post-Jung writing. It also connects a theoretical approach to clinical work in which the analytic theory has been applied. Case examples seek to clarify how the theory helps one understand the sufferance and attempts to give a meaning. Different authors appear in this book. Each offers a vision of different aspects of the analytic theory of Carl Gustav Jung and followers.

The basic principles of the analytic psychology of Jung are:

1.   Collective unconscious, the matrix of the humanity of every culture in every century with Archetypes

2.   Archetypes, mainly, Self which is the regulator center of the psyche and facilitator of the Individuation, Shadow the opposite of the Ego image, the unwanted part of ourselves, Persona the social face, and Anima and Animus in which the gender differences are very well delineated and clarified

3.   Typology with the Extroverted-Introverted position and with the four Ego Functions: Feeling, Thinking, Sensation, Intuition

4.   Individuation process

5.   The theory of the Union of the Opposite

6.   The theory of the Complexes

7.   Transference and Countertransference

8.   The work Association

9.   The Fire Within

The book is divided into six parts: “Re-Reading Jung,” “Affect,” “Technique: Transference and Countertransference,” “Technique: Borderline and Psychosis,” “Technique: Integration,” and “The Future.” The contributing authors are in the mainstream of the international Jungian world.

William Meredith-Owen in Chapter 1, “Re-Reading Jung,” emphasizes the famous book of Memories, Dreams, Reflections that Jung wrote in his later life.


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the article. PEP-Web provides full-text search of the complete articles for current and archive content, but only the abstracts are displayed for current content, due to contractual obligations with the journal publishers. For details on how to read the full text of 2016 and more current articles see the publishers official website.]

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