Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To see the German word that Freud used to refer to a concept…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Want to know the exact German word that Freud used to refer to a psychoanalytic concept? Move your mouse over a paragraph while reading The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud and a window will emerge displaying the text in its original German version.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Krystal, H. (1982). Adolescence and the Tendencies to Develop Substance Dependence. Psychoanal. Inq., 2(4):581-617.

(1982). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 2(4):581-617

Adolescence and the Tendencies to Develop Substance Dependence

Henry Krystal, M.D.

Psychoanalysis has been relatively ineffective in dealing with problems of addiction because it has tried to fit addicts into the procrustean bed built for neurotics. In approaching patients who have addictive problems and in considering the adolescent with an eye to the prevention of such problems, a number of issues must be taken into account—affect tolerance, the capacity for self-care, and certain post-traumatic residuals—that do not have the same relevance for neurotics. I recognize that substance dependence is a multifactorial problem, and I am highlighting here only some of the significant factors.

Difficulty in Maintaining a “Good Introject”

The addicted individual's pursuit of the drug is so conspicuous that it overshadows the other side of what is really a biphasic problem. The addict is attempting to take in a substance which seems necessary for his well-being, but he is forever losing it almost as fast as he can get it.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.