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Pine, F. (1994). Multiple Models, Clinical Practice, and Psychoanalytic Theory: Response to Discussants. Psychoanal. Inq., 14(2):212-234.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 14(2):212-234

Multiple Models, Clinical Practice, and Psychoanalytic Theory: Response to Discussants

Fred Pine, Ph.D.

One of the major issues confronting psychoanalysis today is the proliferation of models and theories, alternatively viewable as a productive free marketplace of ideas or a cacophony of the voices of erring souls. I want to thank Hanly, Kaplan, and Modell for their willingness to devote their time and thought to the examination of one multiple model (Pine, 1990). I find their critiques to be both thoroughgoing and challenging, and I shall respond to them at some length and in various ways. I shall restate at the outset that I personally find a multimodel view to be capable of enhancing a productive flexibility in our clinical work and in our general thinking, while simultaneously maintaining intellectual rigor.

What I shall do here is the following: I will begin with some general points of theory and of the strategies of theoretical argument that I believe are responsive to each of the foregoing papers as well as to the overall tone of the debate. Then I shall address the clinically focused titles of both my book and the 1991 symposium at New York University that addressed my book. Finally I shall select some among the many major arguments made in each of the three papers and respond to them in turn.


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