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Bornstein, M. (2010). EPILOGUE. Psychoanal. Inq., 30(2):203.

(2010). Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 30(2):203


Melvin Bornstein, M.D.

Five experienced analysts have related their stories of how they overcame their traumas and incorporated them into emotional qualities intrinsic to being psychoanalysts. A sixth, (Eifermann) elaborates on Rena Moses-Hrushovski's posthumous story. It is of note that they write about their clinical interests of how one endures living with trauma. In each autobiographical piece, the reader is not told how their traumas were eliminated from their inner lives, but how they learned to embrace their traumas, which enabled them to survive and contribute to their lives as psychoanalysts.

Maybe because of the unique experiences of Israeli analysts, they have been able to focus on the facet of psychoanalysis that is frequently ignored, i.e., the therapeutic goals of analysis is not to resolve traumas, but enable patients to bring more of their traumas into their egos and Selves. I believe that Freud had this in mind when he argued that the id and superego are actually not separate parts of the mind, but that the ego has evolved from the id and the superego evolves from the ego. One becomes impoverished of energy and the joy of life when parts of the id and superego are isolated from the ego.


Freud , S. (1923) The Ego and the Id Standard Edition, 19 ed.

[This is a summary excerpt from the full text of the journal article. The full text of the document is available to journal subscribers on the publisher's website here.]

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