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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Govrin, A. (2011). “Forget the Palestinians, You are Our Mother”: Why Therapists Should Not Be Dead Right with Their Patients. Psychoanal. Perspect., 8(2):215-229.

(2011). Psychoanalytic Perspectives, 8(2):215-229

“Forget the Palestinians, You are Our Mother”: Why Therapists Should Not Be Dead Right with Their Patients

Aner Govrin, Ph.D.

The year is 2002. I am with a patient at the clinic in tel Aviv. All of a sudden, the boom of an explosion reverberates around the room, shattering its calm. The explosion is followed by another, even more powerful. The wailing of sirens fills the air. Muffled voices from outside are sufficiently distinct to let us know that this is a terrorist attack, and it's close. My thoughts race to my wife and son. I am terrified. Where are they? Are they trying to contact me? I am too tense and distracted to continue the session. Yet I manage to get a grip on myself and turn to the patient sitting opposite. He is a young man in his 20s, skeptical about the value of his therapy. He is a loner, rootless, a social outcast, estranged from his family. What am I to do? End the session? Apologize and tell him that I must get in touch with my family and find out if they are okay? No, I can't leave him at such a moment. He will feel that I am slipping off to attend to my own concerns, abandoning him.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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