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Slap, J.W. (1986). Some Problems With the Structural Model and a Remedy. Psychoanal. Psychol., 3(1):47-58.

(1986). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 3(1):47-58

Some Problems With the Structural Model and a Remedy

Joseph W. Slap, M.D.

Although the structural model continues to be the major paradigm for psychoanalytic theory, it is flawed by major problems. Among them are the uncertain relationship of the dynamic unconscious to the id, ego, and superego; whether these macrostructures are to be conceptualized as classifications of functions or as objectively existing causally effective entities; and difficulties with how the model accounts for the interaction between external reality, unconscious fantasy, and the psychic apparatus. The remedy offered is a model wedded to the dynamic and genetic points of view that resolves these problems, accommodates such concepts as trauma, repetition, and sublimation, and dispenses with highly abstract concepts.

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