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Frank, M.A. Tuber, S.B. Slade, A. Garrod, E. (1994). Mothers' Fantasy Representations and Infant Security of Attachment: A Rorschach Study of First Pregnancy. Psychoanal. Psychol., 11(4):475-490.

(1994). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 11(4):475-490

Mothers' Fantasy Representations and Infant Security of Attachment: A Rorschach Study of First Pregnancy

Mary Ann Frank, Ph.D., Steven B. Tuber, Ph.D., Arietta Slade, Ph.D. and Emily Garrod, Ph.D.

The relation between aspects of pregnant women's fantasy representations on the Rorschach test and infant attachment status at 1 year was studied. The Manual for Assessing Primary Process Manifestations in Rorschach Responses (Holt, 1968) was used to score Rorschach protocols gathered from 25 women during their first pregnancies. Twelve-month-olds and their mothers were later videotaped in the Strange Situation, a laboratory procedure that assesses infant attachment behaviors. The findings support the hypothesis that primary process integration during pregnancy is significantly and positively related to infant security of attachment at 1 year. Also, the extent to which mothers referred specifically to pregnancy, birth, and mothering in their Rorschach responses was linked to later infant security of attachment. The results suggest a relation between empathic maternal behaviors and dimensions of mothers' unconscious mental representations measurable prior to the infant's birth.

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