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Frank, G. (1996). Beliefs and Their Vicissitudes. Psychoanal. Psychol., 13(3):421-431.

(1996). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 13(3):421-431

Beliefs and Their Vicissitudes

George Frank, Ph.D.

Freud's drive theory has been proven to be an untenable model from which to generate ideas about personality, psychopathology, or treatment. Various alternative constructs have been proffered as meaningful replacements for the concept of drive as the central organizer of personality and behavior (e.g., wishes, affects, and schema). Of all the constructs recommended as replacements for drive, the construct of belief encapsulates wishes, affects, and meaning. The construct of belief is discussed as organizing and giving meaning to past experience, current experience, and future expectations. The construct of belief is analyzed from a developmental, dynamic, and structural point of view, and the heuristic value of the construct of belief for psychoanalysis is highlighted.

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