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O'Connor, J. (2002). Type A, Type B, and the Kleinian Positions: Do They Relate to Similar Processes?. Psychoanal. Psychol., 19(1):95-117.

(2002). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 19(1):95-117

Type A, Type B, and the Kleinian Positions: Do They Relate to Similar Processes?

John O'Connor

This article examines the idea that there is a dynamic link between 2 quite separately formulated typologies of personality—namely the Kleinian typology according to paranoid-schizoid (PS) and depressive positions and the Type A-Type B typology proposed by M. Friedman and R. Rosenman in 1959. The article provides an account of the nature of these 2 typologies and examines the nature of the convergence that specifically exists between Type A personality and the PS position. The highly pressured, competitive, covertly and overtly hostile, as well as highly conscientious and cynical, propensities of the Type A personality are examined as manifestations of PS functioning. The traits are manifestations of the kinds of defenses that occur during the PS position—namely splitting, denial, and omnipotence.

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