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Rizzuto, A. (2004). Paradoxical Words and Hope in Psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Psychol., 21(2):203-213.

(2004). Psychoanalytic Psychology, 21(2):203-213

Paradoxical Words and Hope in Psychoanalysis

Ana-María Rizzuto, M.D.

The analytic method links hope to the curative power of speech between patient and analyst. During development, the child associates speech with the hope of help coming from parents. Maternal and paternal voices constitute the child as the “you” parents address, and they function as the child's first mirror. One cannot separate the act of speaking from the hopes it awakens about personal communication, self-discovery, and transformation. Analysis brings about change by engaging the analysand in affectively meaningful speech. Analysis restores the capacity to speak with full meaning about personal experiences and helps the analysand to renounce pathogenic hopes and to pursue attainable desires.

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