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Payne, C.R. (1913). Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse. Psychoanal. Rev., 1(1):112-116.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse

(1913). Psychoanalytic Review, 1(1):112-116

Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse

C. R. PayneAuthor Information

(Vol. 2, No. 1)

1.   Word Distortions in Schizophrenia. jan nelken.

2.   Contributions to Infantile Sexuality. M. wulff.

3.   Psycho-Analytic Study of a Stutterer. B. dattnee.

4.   Different Forms of Transference. wilhelm stekel.

5.   Concerning “Directed” Dreams. S. ferenczi.

6.   Two Interesting Cases of Mistakes in Speech (Versprechen). ernest jones.

7.   The Mountain as Symbol. A. maeder.

8.   A Contribution to the Subject of Infantile Sexuality. J. harnik.

1. Word Distortions in Schizophrenia.—Nelken refers briefly to the work which has been done in the analysis of the neologisms of dementia præcox and dementia paranoides and goes on to emphasize the fact that these new-formed and distorted words have in every

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case hidden meanings which can be revealed by psycho-analysis. He gives several interesting analyses of neologisms formed by a male schizophrenic whose chief complexes had to do with incestuous thoughts concerning his mother and sister and hostile ones against his father. He concludes his article by quoting Jung's words that “in dementia praecox there exists no symptom which can be called psychologically groundless or without meaning.”

2.Contributions to Infantile Sexuality.—Wulff refers to the work of Freud and his followers in demonstrating the existence of a sexual life in very young children which exists, not as the complicated instinct of the adult, but in the component instincts which eventually amalgamate to form the mature sexual life. He cites several cases from his own observation which strikingly substantiate the Freudian view of sexuality in children. The latter part of his article is devoted to following in considerable detail three cases of convulsive seizures simulating epilepsy in children from eight to ten years of age. The causes of these he traces in partial analyses to premature and over-intense development of the sexual instinct caused by environment and other influences followed by excessive onanism. The development of anxiety (Angst) in these cases is also touched upon.

3. Psycho-Analytic Study of a Stutterer.—This author gives in sufficient detail to be readily followed the salient points in the psychoanalysis of a man of thirty-six years who had a pronounced impediment in his speech. The starting point in his trouble was revealed in a guilty conscience resulting from sexual aggressions committed when only a six-year-old boy against a four-year-old sister who later died. This guilty conscience with constant fear of discovery and punishment served as the underlying repression which drew in other events of his later life. The results of all these repressions were inhibitions in the speech function and other relations of life. These troubles disappeared in a surprising manner as the analysis proceeded. In a remarkably short time, the speech defect was almost entirely corrected and the patient rendered much more capable in other ways. An interesting point in this connection is the fact that the patient had previously taken treatment of a specialist in speech defects without appreciable benefit.

4. Different Forms of Transference.—Stekel emphasizes the importance to the psycho-analyst of recognizing the phenomenon of “transference” as soon as exhibited in a psycho-analytic treatment. He describes and illustrates briefly the most frequent forms which this transference takes and also mentions some of the more unusual kinds, as, transference to members of the physician's household and even to animals and objects of the same, as dogs, pictures, the dwelling

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itself, etc. He also calls attention to the fact that transference may take place toward persons within the patient's own household, which requires the physician to keep a sharp lookout in all directions for this psychological phenomenon, since, for the success of the treatment, it must be at once recognized and dissolved as rapidly as circumstances permit.

5. Concerning “Directed” Dreams.—A brief discussion of certain peculiar dreams occurring at the time of awakening when the dreamer, wishing to stay asleep, seems able to guide his dreams to some extent, thus creating pretexts for not arising.

6. Two Interesting Cases of Mistakes in Speech (Versprechen).—Two excellent examples of the results of unconscious motives such as Freud has gathered in his “Psychopathology of Everyday Life.”

7. The Mountain as Symbol.—Maeder cites a case in which mountain was used symbolically in the same way as by the old anatomists, viz., mons veneris.

8. Infantile Sexuality.—Citation of one case of a two-year-old boy.

(Vol. II, No. 2)

1.   The Theory of the Freudian School. havelock ellis.

2.   Discussion of the Genesis of the Delusion of Jealousy. hans

3.   oppenheim.

4.   Divination and Psycho-Analysis. herbert silberer.

1. Theory of the Freudian School.—This well-known English investigator of the subject of sex briefly traces in this article the history of Freud's work and writings and sketches their fundamental principles. He pays a handsome tribute to Professor Freud as a man of genius who has contributed greatly to the understanding of the psy-choneuroses and psychopathology in general and who has given us in psycho-analysis a new method of far reaching usefulness in investigating these and allied subjects.

2. Genesis of the Delusion of Jealousy.—Oppenheim calls attention to the frequency with which this delusion is encountered in alcoholism and in the course of various psychoses. He discusses the peculiarities of the delusion as to time and manner of appearance, duration, etc., and shows how all of these point to the fact that its roots are to be found not in the intellectual sphere but rather in the instinctive and further that the instinct involved is the instinct of sex. He refers briefly to the explanations of its origin given in the literature and finds these inadequate to explain the essence of the phenomenon.

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Having given his reasons for attributing the origin of the delusion to the sexual instinct, he proceeds to describe more in detail how this comes about. He finds two tendencies active in creating the delusion: first, a polygamous (or polyandric) tendency, and second, a sadistic or sometimes combined sadistic-masochistic tendency. The former being repressed leads to transference of the patient's own repressed (unconscious) desires and feeling of guilt to his wife, i. e., projection upon her of his own repressed wishes. The second or sadistic component accounts for many of the peculiarities of the delusion. A prerequisite for the development of this delusion is a very strong libido. The author sums up his article in these words: “Thus the delusion of jealousy results as an end-product of unconscious mental processes, the most important roots of which we find in the sadistic-masochistic instinctive forces and in a peculiar feeling of guilt in the individual.”

3. Divination and Psycho-Analysis.—Silberer describes briefly the commonest methods formerly employed by priests, soothsayers, oracles and others to ascertain future events. In these, he finds two ways in which indefinite elements entered into the calculations, one when the chance depended on the forces of nature and another when the results depended on various involuntary acts of the person used as a medium, usually a boy, a virgin or a pregnant woman. In the latter class of cases in which there is plainly an opportunity for unconscious mental processes to enter in, the author finds an interesting field for psychoanalytic investigation. He says he has carried out such an investigation to some extent but not sufficiently far to justify publishing the results. He promises to give in a later article a description of his experiments.

(Vol. 2, No. 3)

1.   Management of Dream Analysis in Psycho-Analysis. sigmund freud.

2.   An Infantile Sexual Theory and its Relation to the Symbolism of Suicide. rudolf reitler.

3.   Analysis of a Dream of a Five-and-One-Half-Year-Old Boy. H. hellmuth.

1. Management of Dream Analysis.—In this little article, Freud gives some practical suggestions for analyzing dreams during the course of a psycho-analysis. When dreams are reported in such abundance that they cannot be analyzed during the consultation hour, he recommends that the analyst take up the new dreams related each day regardless of whether or not the analyses of the dreams of the

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preceding day have been completed. This keeps the analyst in closer touch with the general progress of the case and prevents an accumulation of dreams which might block the work. In other words the analyst keeps better oriented regarding the complexes and resistances acting in the patient's mind. He points out further that by this method nothing of value from the unconscious is really lost, since the active pathogenic material continually reasserts itself in different forms and scenes.

Freud also condemns as superfluous the practice of urging the patient to write down his dreams as soon as appreciated; he says that this procedure serves to disturb the patient's sleep, makes him unduly solicitous about dreaming and often, fails of its purpose by presenting a written text to which no associations will come when it is considered later.

2. Infantile Sexual Theory and Symbolism of Suicide.—Reitler reports the case of an unmarried woman of forty-two favorably influenced by psycho-analysis who presented the following symptoms: (1) Frequency of urination so excessive as to almost prevent patient from mingling in society; (2) excessive obsessional onanism; (3) a prolonged and obstinate insomnia which caused the greatest subjective disturbance. The report deals mostly with the latter symptom. Besides tracing the origin of the insomnia to the repression of a curious infantile sexual theory, the author shows the connection between these phantasies and the suicidal phantasies of later adult life. The case is interesting both from a therapeutic and a psycho-analytic standpoint.

3. Analysis of a Small Boy's Dream.—This little analysis is a contribution to the subject of the development of psychoneurotic symptoms in children which was so much elucidated by Freud in his “Analysis of a Phobia in a Five-Year-Old Boy.”

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Article Citation

Payne, C.R. (1913). Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse. Psychoanal. Rev., 1(1):112-116

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