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Payne, C.R. (1914). Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse. Psychoanal. Rev., 1(4):469-471.
Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing: Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse

(1914). Psychoanalytic Review, 1(4):469-471

Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse

C. R. PayneAuthor Information

(Vol. III, No. 1)

1.   Psychology of Alcoholism. Dr. otto juliusburger.

2.   Masturbation in Girls and Women. Dr. H. von hug-hellmuth.

1. Psychology of Alcoholism.—Juliusburger points out that while the apparent causes of alcoholic overindulgence seem to rest in the social life and customs, the real impelling causes lie in the unconscious of the individual. He does not agree with Ferenczi's statement that an enforced decrease in the use of alcohol in the German army had been followed by a corresponding increase in the number of persons suffering from neuroses and psychoses. Homosexuality seems to be one of the important unconscious causes of alcoholism. One prominent action of the alcohol is the abolition of repression, deadening of the higher nature, allowing the lower repressed instincts free play and satisfaction. This is especially plain in many criminal acts committed under the influence of alcohol in which the sadistic instinct can be distinctly seen. Although the article is of considerable length, it does not shed much new light on the problem under discussion.

2. Masturbation in Girls and Women.—This writer, being a woman herself, is able to give a clearer insight into the phenomena of masturbation among members of the female sex, infants, girls and women than a man could do. She compares the condition in the two sexes,

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brings out some peculiarities of the practice among females and discusses its prevalence, etc., but seems to omit the important point of what effect masturbation has upon the health of the individuals.

(Vol. III, No. 2)

1.   Contributions to the Knowledge of the-Child Mind. Dr. S. spielrein.

2.   Characteristics of Lecanomantic Divination. herbert silberer.

1. Knowledge of the Child Mind.—The author contributes three brief analyses, two of boys and one of a girl, which show how early and intensively the child becomes interested in the problems of the sexual functions, in particular, the origin of children. The close relation of anxiety symptoms to this early contact with sexual problems is well brought out. The development of scientific interest from sexual curiosity is also clearly shown. The results of all three analyses confirm the findings of Freud in his “Little Hans” case.

2. Lecanomantic Characteristics.—This is concluded in the next number and will be reviewed there.

(Vol. III, No. 3)

1.   Reflex Hallucinations and Symbolism. dr. H. rorschach.

2.   Characteristics of Lecanomantic Divination. herbert silberer.

3.   The Question of Psychic Determinism. fritz van raalte.

1. Reflex Hallucinations and Symbolism.—Rorschach dicusses the relationship between reflex hallucinations, such as optical-kinesthetic and kinesthetic-optical and symbolism. He gives several examples from schizophrenic patients and then proposes the question: Is a definite optical impression utilized for an hallucination because it has previously been recognized as symbolically applicable in such a case or is the impression used as symbol because it has created this hallucination. To this, he says, no general answer can be given since the hallucination-type of individual must be taken into account. In some cases, the author believes that the kinesthetic sensations which are awakened by the optical picture named, seem to form the source of the symbolism.

2. Lecanomantic Characteristics.—In this article, Silberer takes up the general discussion of the data gathered in his investigation of lecanomancy in one subject; the actual analyses were published in the Zentralblatt, Apr.-Aug., 1912. He takes up in considerable detail

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the patient's reactions to one hundred test words used in a word-association experiment employed after the lecanomantic experiments were ended. These reactions in the light of the previous analyses give very interesting glimpses into the workings of the complexes in the patient's mind. The whole investigation shows plainly how the subject's visions when looking into the basin of water (similar to crystal gazing) are entirely dependent upon complexes within her own mind. Silberer expresses regret that the series of experiments was interrupted by the subject's leaving the city before the psychic material could all be worked over. He points out that his results must be understood to be provisional rather than final as he has applied his method to only the one case.

3. Psychic Determinism.—Van Raalte describes a case from his own experience of an error in writing clearly determined by the unconscious forces of his own mind. This is another confirmation of the principles laid down by Freud in his “Psychopathology of Everyday Life.”

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Article Citation

Payne, C.R. (1914). Zentralblatt Für Psychoanalyse. Psychoanal. Rev., 1(4):469-471

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