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Evarts, A.B. (1918). A Lace Creation Revealing An Incest Fantasy. Psychoanal. Rev., 5(4):364-380.

(1918). Psychoanalytic Review, 5(4):364-380

A Lace Creation Revealing An Incest Fantasy

Arrah B. Evarts, M.D.

The necessity for self-expression has always been one of the paramount elements in the psyche of the individual. In proportion to his ability to express that which animates him, does he develop. In proportion to the completeness with which his self-expression is also the expression of the self of others, is he of value to society. Hence, we find the man whose self contains the correlation and direction of many diverse lines of energy developing immense constructive or manufacturing businesses. Two instances of this stand out preeminently: Henry Ford, to whom the automobile industry owes so much, and James Hill, that wonderful man who developed our great Northwest. There is also the man whose mechanical genius is urging him forward, to find self-expression in many inventions; Thomas Edison, Marconi, the Wright Brothers: the man whose ideal of beauty urges him to construction with perfectly balanced lines; the great architects and builders: the man with marked administrative ability: as well as the craftsman, who merely loves to make the same thing over and over in constantly increasing perfection. Raphael's efforts at self-expression produced those marvelous canvases. The angel which beckoned Michael Angelo from the block of marble was his self struggling for expression. Beethoven and Mozart but wrote their own souls. The neat and orderly woman finds self-expression in the keeping of an immaculate house, a family properly fed and cared for in all ways, children led lovingly through the difficult mazes of childhood and adolescence.

To the great majority of women, needle-work is imperative. One, who has a constructive mind, finds her self-expression in the designing and making of garments; another, who has the artificer's delight in exquisite craftsmanship, can only express herself by the tiniest and daintiest of stitches. She will sew for the pure delight of sewing, and turns by choice to the making of fine embroidery and laces.

The history of lace-making is most interesting.

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