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(1934). Psychodiagnostik (Methodik und Ergebnisse Eines Wahr Nehmungsdiagnostischen Experiments). With Tables for Tests. By Hermann Rorschach. Second Edition Revised by Dr. W. Morgenthaler. Pp. 230. Berne und Berlin: Verlag Hans Huber, 1932.. Psychoanal. Rev., 21(4):464-465.
(1934). Psychoanalytic Review, 21(4):464-465
Psychodiagnostik (Methodik und Ergebnisse Eines Wahr Nehmungsdiagnostischen Experiments). With Tables for Tests. By Hermann Rorschach. Second Edition Revised by Dr. W. Morgenthaler. Pp. 230. Berne und Berlin: Verlag Hans Huber, 1932.
This book is the second edition of the very important work published by the late Dr. Rorschach in 1921. This young psychiatrist began the investigations, here under consideration, in 1911, later basing his results on 405 subjects, of whom 117 were selected as “normals.” The text, which he carefully worked out and controlled by many experiments, consists of a series of 10 standardized plates composed of symmetrical ink blots. These, when presented to the subject accompanied by the question “What do you see?” or “What does it look like?”, bring forth various responses, which may be classified in several ways, e.g., according to the part of the picture selected, determining factors of form, according to movement, color, frequency and rarity, and as to the content seen in the figure, viz., animals, plants, parts of human body, etc.
On the basis of the type of response Rorschach attempted to evaluate various factors in the personality, tendencies toward introversion and extroversion, the level of intelligence, and the influence of the emotional factors in modifying intellectual functions. When the responses are evaluated in terms of succession the rigidity of the pedant contrasts with the scattering of the schizophrenic, and the reactions in the movement (kinaesthetic) and color spheres justified the author in formulating personality types according to the mode of experiencing (Erlebnistypens) of which were differentiated; introversive, extraversive and ambiequiva-lent types.
The text begins with a chapter on method, test apparatus, procedures and instructions on the manner of observation and interpretation. The second chapter deals with the factors of experimentation, types of responses and modes of grasping the image. In this section eight tables are given summarizing the results obtained in varieties of normals, psychopathies, alcoholics, feebleminded, schizophrenic, manic-depressive, epileptic, paralytic, senile, arteriosclerotic and Korsakoff syndromes.
Chapter three discusses the restrictions put upon the application and interpretation of results of the test, describes the control experiments, and explains the formulations of the findings.
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