Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
:
Login
Tip: To save articles in ePub format for your eBook reader…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To save an article in ePub format, look for the ePub reader icon above all articles for logged in users, and click it to quickly save the article, which is automatically downloaded to your computer or device. (There may be times when due to font sizes and other original formatting, the page may overflow onto a second page.).

You can also easily save to PDF format, a journal like printed format.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Ruff, W. Levy, J.M. (1972). Freud and the Myth of British Citizenship. Psychoanal. Rev., 59(1):111-113.

(1972). Psychoanalytic Review, 59(1):111-113

Note

Freud and the Myth of British Citizenship

William Ruff, Ph.D. and Judith M. Levy, Ph.D.

Ernest Jones once wrote of Freud and the stories invented about him: “The mythopoeic faculty of the surrounding world, always so busy with Freud's personality—it has certainly not ceased with his death—pursued him to London.”3 One popular myth, or improbable story, asserts that Freud died a British citizen. In 1947, Helen Walker Puner,4 in Freud, His Life and His Mind wrote, “The government put an official stamp on his welcome by granting him British nationality”; and in 1952, Rachel Baker in Sigmund Freud 1 said, “The British government granted him honorary citizenship.” As recently as 1965 we again come upon this “fact,” this time with some embellishment by the eminent historian A. J. P. Taylor, in his English History 1914-1945, Volume 15 of the Oxford History of England.5 Professor Taylor states: “After the incorporation of Austria into Germany, Sigmund Freud, founder of psychoanalysis, was admitted into England with none of the usual formalities, and, against all the rules, was made a British citizen the next day.” A note reads, “Legally, naturalization was granted at the unfettered discretion of the home secretary. The invariable practice was to require five years residence and evidence of good character.”

However, Ernest Jones3 gives a different account in his definitive Life and Work of Sigmund Freud: “One great wish of Freud's was destined never to be gratified: to die a naturalized British subject. Commander Locker-Lampson raised the question in the House of Commons, but the Government refused to shorten the normal waiting period, presumably lest it set a troublesome precedent.”

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.