Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Meadow, P.W. (1974). A Research Method for Investigating the Effectiveness of Psychoanalytic Techniques. Psychoanal. Rev., 61(1):79-94.

(1974). Psychoanalytic Review, 61(1):79-94

A Research Method for Investigating the Effectiveness of Psychoanalytic Techniques

Phyllis Whitcomb Meadow, Ph.D.

In a 1966 review of the literature, Eysenck2 noted an absence of specific hypotheses and of an experimental approach in psychoanalytic research. The extant studies, instead of being based on the relationship between cure and kind of intervention, were based on impressions that a cure had been effected. Specifically, these impressions consisted of

1.   The analyst's belief that he had succeeded

2.   Mutual agreement between the analyst and the patient

3.   Introduction of life style changes as evidence of character change

He pointed out that in the only direct study of the analytic session—Ellis' comparison of rational therapy to psychoanalysis—no method was defined, no transcripts were provided, no measuring devices were used, no criteria for judgment were established, and Ellis judged his own results. He concluded, therefore, that there was no evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of psychoanalysis.

Eysenck was not the first to grapple with this dilemma. Twenty years earlier, Sears17 had pointed out that “psychoanalytic concepts can be neither proved nor disproved until the therapeutic process is reformulated in objective, probably learning-theory, terms.” Following his pronouncement there was a flurry of interest in empirical definitions for the transcendental language of Freud. Hull,11 Mowrer, 13, 14 and Dollard and Miller1 redefined repetition compulsion, transference, and resistance in behavioral terms.


[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.