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Horne, M. (2004). Jung and the Postmodern: The Interpretation of Realities. By Christopher Hauke. London: Routledge, 2000. 304, xiv pp.. Psychoanal. Rev., 91(1):149-153.

(2004). Psychoanalytic Review, 91(1):149-153


Jung and the Postmodern: The Interpretation of Realities. By Christopher Hauke. London: Routledge, 2000. 304, xiv pp.

Review by:
Michael Horne, M.D.

The establishment of psychoanalytic studies programs in universities is creating an exciting collaboration between psychoanalysts and academics in the humanities. In this context, psychoanalysts are exposed to postmodernism, which is revolutionizing all the traditional disciplines by critiquing their underlying presuppositions. Conversely, academics are exposed to contemporary psychoanalytic ideas that have the potential to elucidate a variety of the issues that concern postmodernism. This is in contrast to previous eras, in which psychoanalysts had very few philosophical tools with which to critique metapsychology, and academics had access to mostly outdated psychoanalytic ideas in published form only.

Christopher Hauke is one of this pioneering group. He is a Jungian analyst in private practice in London, and a Lecturer in the Psychoanalytic Studies Program at Goldsmith's College in the University of London. In Jung and the Postmodern, Hauke provides well-argued claims for the postmodern elements in Jung's writings, and a clear exposition of the development of these strands in a postmodern Jungian psychology. He brings a personal, playful, and idiosyncratic tone, all postmodern traits, to his writing. This is especially evident in his discussion of the house that the postmodern architect Frank Gehry built for himself and his family, and the retreat that Jung built at Bollingen on Lake Zurich. In Gehry's house, the underlying structure is visible, so that it commingles with the surface features. In Jung's house, the contemporary and ancient elements are side by side. In both cases this juxtaposition negates any possibility of privileging one element over the other, a key concept in postmodernism. Hauke uses these architectural examples to highlight the differences in Jung's and Freud's models of the mind. In Jung's postmodern horizontal model, the mind is conceptualized as multiple selves in reciprocal relationships. In contrast, Freud's modernist vertical model theorizes that deeper layers determine the nature of layers on the surface.

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