Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To access to IJP Open with a PEP-Web subscription…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Having a PEP-Web subscription grants you access to IJP Open. This new feature allows you to access and review some articles of the International Journal of Psychoanalysis before their publication. The free subscription to IJP Open is required, and you can access it by clicking here.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Coolidge, J.C. Tessman, E. Waldfogel, S. Willer, M.L. (1962). Patterns of Aggression in School Phobia. Psychoanal. St. Child, 17:319-333.

(1962). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 17:319-333

Clinical Contributions

Patterns of Aggression in School Phobia

John C. Coolidge, M.D., Ellen Tessman, Ph.D., Samuel Waldfogel, Ph.D. and Mary Lou Willer, M.S.

The central importance of the mother-child relationship in the genesis of school phobia was first noted by Johnson, et al. (1941) in their pioneering study of this syndrome. These writers clearly recognized that the fear of school was a manifestation of the child's anxiety at separating from the mother stemming from a long-standing hostile dependent relationship.

Subsequently, a number of clinical investigations have analyzed the nature of this relationship in greater detail. Eisenberg (1958) in an illuminating paper on the direct interaction between mother and child described the behavioral cues by which they communicated anxiety to one another under the threat of separation, and elucidated the transactions that serve to reinforce the neurotic pattern. Waldfogel, Coolidge, and Hahn (1957) dealt with the influence of parental behavior on the child's ego development and the relationship of this to symptom formation. Estes, Haylett, and Johnson (1956) underscored the fact that the child's neurosis never exists in isolation but is "always intimately associated with a complementary neurosis in the mother." They further suggested that since the fear of school is really a fear of separation, shared by both mother and child, it might better be labeled "separation anxiety."

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.