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PEP-Easy Tip: To save PEP-Easy to the home screen

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

To start PEP-Easy without first opening your browser–just as you would start a mobile app, you can save a shortcut to your home screen.

First, in Chrome or Safari, depending on your platform, open PEP-Easy from You want to be on the default start screen, so you have a clean workspace.

Then, depending on your mobile device…follow the instructions below:


  1. Tap on the share icon Action navigation bar and tab bar icon
  2. In the bottom list, tap on ‘Add to home screen’
  3. In the “Add to Home” confirmation “bubble”, tap “Add”

On Android:

  1. Tap on the Chrome menu (Vertical Ellipses)
  2. Select “Add to Home Screen” from the menu


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Novick, J. Kelly, K. (1970). Projection and Externalization. Psychoanal. St. Child, 25:69-95.

(1970). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 25:69-95

Projection and Externalization

Jack Novick, Ph.D. and Kerry Kelly


This study is an initial attempt to sort out some of the problems in an area of great complexity: the subjective allocation of inner phenomena to the outer world. We first separated processes which may have similar surface manifestations, such as displacement, transference, and processes of early differentiation from externalization. Within the category of externalization, we made a further distinction between modes of functioning, e.g., generalization and defenses. Among defensive externalizations we described the attribution of cause, externalization of aspects of the self representation, and externalization of drives, i.e., projection proper. The latter two were discussed in detail, and the differences between them were examined from the point of view of individual development and family dynamics.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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