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Tip: To sort articles by year…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

After you perform a search, you can sort the articles by Year. This will rearrange the results of your search chronologically, displaying the earliest published articles first. This feature is useful to trace the development of a specific psychoanalytic concept through time.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Spitz, R.A. Emde, R.N. Metcalf, D.R. (1970). Further Prototypes of Ego Formation—A Working Paper from a Research Project on Early Development. Psychoanal. St. Child, 25:417-441.

(1970). Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 25:417-441

Further Prototypes of Ego Formation—A Working Paper from a Research Project on Early Development

René A. Spitz, M.D., Robert N. Emde, M.D. and David R. Metcalf, M.D.

For many years, separately and together, the authors have been conducting research with infants. These investigations have involved detailed observations of infant behavior, electroencephalographic studies, naturalistic studies of mother-infant interaction, and a number of theoretical explorations derived from these and other investigations.

Our recent research efforts have been inspired by Freud's trailbreaking work in Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality(1905). The principal theoretical statements which have guided us were formulated systematically in three publications of Spitz (1958), (1959), (1961).

The following propositions from an overall framework for our research.

1. There is no aspect, activity, function, or structure of the psyche that is not subject to development.

2. Development is the resultant of the interplay of innate and experiential factors which themselves are often inextricably interwoven.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

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