Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Morgenthaler, F. (2006). UNA LETTERA A HEINZ KOHUT (1981). Psicoter. Sci. Um., 40(3):421-426.

(2006). Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, 40(3):421-426


Fritz Morgenthaler

Viene pubblicata, con una premessa del 1983, una lettera che Fritz Morgenthaler scrisse a Heinz Kohut nel 1981, lettera che Kohut non ricevette mai perché morì poco prima di riceverla. Morgenthaler, che era legato a Koht da una lunga amicizia, discute criticamente alcuni aspetti delle teorie di Kohut sul narcisismo e media le voci critiche che si erano levate contro Kohut nel 1980 ad un convegno del Seminario Psicoanalitico di Zurigo (Psychoanalytisches Seminar Zürich [PSZ]), poi esposte nel libro Einleitung zur Taschenbuchausgabe vom PSZ: Die neuen Narzissmustheorien: Zurück ins Paradies? (Frankfurt: Syndikat, 1981) di cui qui prende in rassegna i capitoli. Morgenthaler, tra le altre cose, ridimensiona le contrapposizioni tra le teorie di Kohut e quelle di autori come Otto Kernberg e altri, poiché in psicoanalisi non vi è un legame così stretto tra teoria e tecnica come si crede, ed esistono importanti influenze sociali nella costruzione delle teorie.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2021, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.