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Freud, S. (1892). Draft G Melancholia from Extracts From The Fliess Papers. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume I ( 1886-1899): Pre-Psycho-Analytic Publications and Unpublished Drafts, 200-206.

Freud, S. (1892). [SEA200a1]Draft G Melancholia from Extracts From The Fliess Papers. The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Volume I ( 1886-1899): Pre-Psycho-Analytic Publications and Unpublished Drafts, 200-206

[SEA200a1]Draft G Melancholia from Extracts From The Fliess Papers Book Information Previous Up Next

Sigmund Freud

[SEA200a2]I

[SEA200a3]The facts before us seem to be as follows:

[SEA200a4](A)There are striking connections between melancholia and [sexual] anaesthesia. This is borne out (1) by the finding that with many melancholics there has been a long previous history of anaesthesia, (2) by the discovery that everything that provokes anaesthesia encourages the generation of melancholia, (3) by the existence of a type of women, very demanding psychically, in whom longing easily changes over into melancholia and who are anaesthetic.

[SEA200a5](B)Melancholia is generated as an intensification of neurasthenia through masturbation.

[SEA200a6](C)Melancholia appears in typical combination with severe anxiety.

[SEA200a7](D)The type and extreme form of melancholia seems to be the periodic or cyclical hereditary form.

[SEA200a8]II

[SEA200a9]In order to make anything of this material, we need some fixed points of departure. These seem to be provided by the following considerations:

(a)  [SEA200a10]The affect corresponding to melancholia is that of mourning-that is, longing for something lost. Thus in melancholia it must be a question of a loss-a loss in instinctual life.

(b)  [SEA200a11]The nutritional neurosis parallel to melancholia is anorexia. The famous anorexia nervosa of young girls seems to me (on careful observation) to be a melancholia where sexuality is undeveloped. The patient asserted that she had not eaten, simply because she had no appetite, and for no other reason. Loss of appetite-in sexual terms, loss of libido.

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