Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To zoom in or out on PEP-Web…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Are you having difficulty reading an article due its font size?  In order to make the content on PEP-Web larger (zoom in), press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the plus sign (+).  Press Ctrl (on Windows) or ⌘Command (on the Mac) and the minus sign (-) to make the content smaller (zoom out).   To go back to 100% size (normal size), press Ctrl (⌘Command  on the Mac) + 0 (the number 0).

Another way on Windows: Hold the Ctrl key and scroll the mouse wheel up or down to zoom in and out (respectively) of the webpage. Laptop users may use two fingers and separate them or bring them together while pressing the mouse track pad.

Safari users: You can also improve the readability of you browser when using Safari, with the Reader Mode: Go to PEP-Web. Right-click the URL box and select Settings for This Website, or go to Safari > Settings for This Website. A large pop-up will appear underneath the URL box. Look for the header that reads, “When visiting this website.” If you want Reader mode to always work on this site, check the box for “Use Reader when available.”

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Cooper, A.M. (1986). Chapter 3: Toward a Limited Definition of Psychic Trauma. The Reconstruction of Trauma: Its Significance in Clinical Work, 41-56.

Cooper, A.M. (1986). Chapter 3: Toward a Limited Definition of Psychic Trauma. The Reconstruction of Trauma: Its Significance in Clinical Work , 41-56

Chapter 3: Toward a Limited Definition of Psychic Trauma Book Information Previous Up Next

Arnold M. Cooper, M.D.

We live in a universe whose intellectual content, affective dispositions, and social arrangements are pervasively influenced by the history of two world wars, the Nazi Holocaust, the actuality of nuclear explosions, and the threat of nuclear annihilation. Historians may dispute whether our century is better or worse, more or less traumatic than others, in which life seemed nasty, brutish, and short, with death always imminent. In one respect, at least, our time is different from all preceding ones, for we perceive our man-made and natural disasters through the filter of one hundred years of psychoanalytic influence.

Before Freud, the interest in child rearing focused on the appropriate measures to help the child to grow to be moral and industrious, a good citizen who would carry on the tradition of his forefathers. Since Freud, we see the child as a relatively fragile, delicately balanced set of dynamic equilibria, and the task of child rearing has taken on two additional elements.

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2019, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.