Customer Service | Help | FAQ | PEP-Easy | Report a Data Error | About
Tip: To use Evernote for note taking…

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

Evernote is a general note taking application that integrates with your browser. You can use it to save entire articles, bookmark articles, take notes, and more. It comes in both a free version which has limited synchronization capabilities, and also a subscription version, which raises that limit. You can download Evernote for your computer here. It can be used online, and there’s an app for it as well.

Some of the things you can do with Evernote:

  • Save search-result lists
  • Save complete articles
  • Save bookmarks to articles


For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Levenson, E. (1985). Chapter 4: The Interpersonal (Sullivanian) Model. Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work, 49-67.

Levenson, E. (1985). Chapter 4: The Interpersonal (Sullivanian) Model. Models of the Mind: Their Relationships to Clinical Work , 49-67

Chapter 4: The Interpersonal (Sullivanian) Model Book Information Previous Up Next

Edgar Levenson, M.D.

The French poet, Paul Valéry (1956), said that the artist of modern sensibility must spend his time trying to see what is visible, and, more important, trying not to see what is invisible. Philosophers, he said (and he might well have added, psychoanalysts) pay a high price for striving to achieve the opposite. To the extent that one can encompass an entire psychoanalytic posture within a brief presentation, this might be said to be the essence of interpersonal psychoanalysis. The data of psychoanalysis is, first and foremost, what can be observed: the patient in his reported interactions with others, past and present; and the patient's interactions with the therapist as they can be directly observed in the therapy relationship. Dreams, fantasies, free associations, slips are in no sense disregarded, but they are seen as efforts the patient is making, through imagery and imagination, to grapple with and comprehend experience. However distorted or caricatured it might appear to be, fantasy is considered more the reflection of poorly comprehended real-life interpersonal experience than the emergence from the depths of solipsistic, primitive impulses.

Sullivan (1956) said that “no one has grave difficulties in living if he has a very good grasp of what is happening to him.”

[This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. The full text of the document is available to subscribers.]

Copyright © 2020, Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing, ISSN 2472-6982 Customer Service | Help | FAQ | Download PEP Bibliography | Report a Data Error | About

WARNING! This text is printed for personal use. It is copyright to the journal in which it originally appeared. It is illegal to redistribute it in any form.