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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
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Results 1 - 30 of 98 for your search on "Sources citing: </b>Freud, S. (1991). GESAMMELTE WERKE: I: WERKE AUS DEN JAHREN 1892–1899. GESAMMELTE WERKE I, v-575. Imago Publishing Co., Ltd., London.<b>":

1. 
Bergeret, J. (2011). Les états limite en 2010. Soigner quoi ?. Rev. fr. psychanal., 75(2):367-374. […]
 
2. 
Mitscherlich-Nielsen, M. (1975). Psychoanalyse und weibliche Sexualität. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 29(9):769-788. […]
 
3. 
Mundt, C. (1975). Zur Psychodynamik der Narkolepsie: Ein kasuistischer Beitrag. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 29(3):208-222. […]
 
4. 
Bittner, G. (1966). PÄDAGOGISCHE ÜBERLEGUNGEN ZUM REALITÄTSPRINZIP. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 20(2):128-142. […]
 
5. 
Thomä, H. (1962). BEMERKUNGEN ZU NEUEREN ARBEITEN OBER DIE THEORIE DER KONVERSION. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 16(8):801-813. […]
 
6. 
Forrester, J. (1990). Die Aphasie. Luzifer-Amor, 3(5):31-52. […]
 
7. 
Niedecken, D. (2016). Feld und Szene. Jahrb. Psychoanal., 72:211-237. […]
 
8. 
Löchel, E. (2015). (Mit) Differenzen arbeiten: Symbol, Symbolisierung, Symbolisches: Ein Beitrag zur Diskussion des psychoanalytischen Symbolbegriffs. Jahrb. Psychoanal., 71:93-121. […]
 
9. 
Ahbel-Rappe, K. (2008). Response to Bell. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 56(3):881-884. […]
 
10. 
Deserno, H. (1992). Zum Arbeitsbegriff der Psychoanalyse in Theorie und Praxis. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 46(6):534-553. […]
 
11. 
Deserno, H. (1989). »Die Krankheitseinheit Neurose gibt es nicht« Zu: Mentzos, Stavros: Neurotische Konfliktverarbeitung. Einführung in die psychoanalytische Neurosenlehre unter Berücksichtigung neuer Perspektiven. München (Kindler) 1982. Neuauflage Frankfurt (Fischer) 1985. Kt., 325 Seiten, 16,80 DM.. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 43(2):171-177. […]
 
12. 
Argelander, H. (1985). Die Bedeutung der Grundregel für die psychoanalytische Methode. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 39(1):12-22. […]
 
13. 
Lang, H. (1981). Zur Problematik der Übertragung in der Psychose in Abgrenzung zur Neurose. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 35(8):705-717. […]
 
14. 
Loch, W. (1977). Anmerkungen zum Thema Ich-Veränderungen, Ich-Defekte und psychoanalytische Technik. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 31(3):216-227. […]
 
15. 
Sandler, J. (1976). Träume, unbewußte Phantasien und „Wahrnehmungsidentität“. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 30(9):769-785. […]
 
16. 
Spitz, R.A. (1974). Der Dialog entgleist: Reizüberlastung, Aktionszyklen und Ganzheitseffekt. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 28(2):135-156. […]
 
17. 
Rosenkötter, L. (1973). Die psychoanalytische Situation als Grundlage der psychoanalytischen Therapie. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 27(11):989-1000. […]
 
18. 
Kohut, H. (1971). Introspektion, Empathie und Psychoanalyse: Zur Beziehung zwischen Beobachtungsmethode und Theorie. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 25(11):831-855. […]
 
19. 
Sandler, J. Holder, A. Kawenoka, M. Kennedy, H.E. Neurath, L. (1967). EINIGE THEORETISCHE UND KLINISCHE ASPEKTE DER ÜBERTRAGUNG. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 21(10-11):804-826. […]
 
20. 
(1965). V ÜBER VERLAUFSFORMEN VON ABWEHR UND ENTWICKLUNG. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 19(7):465-476. […]
 
21. 
Thomä, H. (1963). PSYCHOSOMATISCHE ASPEKTE DER MAGERSUCHT. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 16(10):600-614. […]
 
22. 
Spitz, R.A. (1945). Diacritic and Coenesthetic Organizations: The Psychiatric Significance of a Functional Division of the Nervous System into a Sensory and Emotive Part. Psychoanal. Rev., 32(2):146-162. […]
 
23. 
Reicheneder, J.G. (1990). Die infantilen Zerebrallähmungen als Probierstein der medizinischen Wissenschaft: Für Herrn Professor Wolfgang Loch zum 75. Geburtstag. Luzifer-Amor, 3(5):15-30. […]
 
24. 
Nissen, B. (2014). Autistoide Organisationen. Jahrb. Psychoanal., 68:71-88. […]
 
25. 
Spiegel, R. (1986). Freud's Refutation of Degenerationism: A Contribution to Humanism. Contemp. Psychoanal., 22:4-24. […]
 
26. 
Pankow, G. (1973). L'IMAGE DU CORPS DANS LA PSYCHOSE HYSTÉRIQUE. Rev. fr. psychanal., 37(3):415-438. […]
 
27. 
Balint, M. (1970). Trauma und Objektbeziehung. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 24(5):346-358. […]
 
28. 
Gedo, J.E. (1968). NOCH EINMAL DER „GELEHRTE SÄUGLING“. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 22(4):301-319. […]
 
29. 
van der Leeuw, P.J. (1965). ZUR ENTWICKLUNG DES BEGRIFFS DER ABWEHR. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 19(3):161-171. […]
 
30. 
Makari, G.J. (1998). The Seductions of History: Sexual Trauma in Freud's Theory and Historiography. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 79:857-869. […]
 
 
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