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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

 
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Results 1 - 30 of 685 for your search on "Sources citing: </b>Segal, H. (1957). Notes on Symbol Formation. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 38:391-397.<b>":

1. 
Amir, D. (2016). Aspectos metafóricos, metonímicos y psicóticos de la sintomatología obsesiva. Int. J. Psycho-Anal. Es., 2(2):230-258. […]
 
2. 
(2015). EDİTÖRÜN NOTU. Psk. Yaz., 30:70-71. […]
 
3. 
Paul, K. Zadik, A. (1974). Two Studies in Problems of Containment. J. Child Psychother., 3(4):29-30. […]
 
4. 
Hamburger, M. (2019). De « anorexic retreat » als pathologische organisatie. Tijdschr. Psychoanal., 25(2):104-114. […]
 
5. 
Jemstedt, A. (2007). The Present and Absent Object — On Thinking and the Capacity to Symbolize. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 30(2):98-105. […]
 
6. 
Conrotto, F. (2017). Dall'agire al simbolizzare: la nascita del soggetto. Rivista Psicoanal., 63(4):769-785. […]
 
7. 
Grotstein, J.S. (2015). Bion Crosses the Rubicon: The Fateful Course - and Curse - of O in Psychoanalysis and the Furies Left in its Wake. Rivista Psicoanal., 61(3):565-585. […]
 
8. 
Nissen, B. (2013). The Scene in the Psychoanalytic Initial Interview. Rivista Psicoanal., 59(4):961-975. […]
 
9. 
Mancia, M. (1989). The Dream as an Internal Language of Memory. Rivista Psicoanal., 35(2):328-350. […]
 
10. 
Gaddini, R.D. (1986). I precursori dell'oggetto e dei fenomeni transizionali. Rivista Psicoanal., 32(2):281-295. […]
 
11. 
Hautmann, G. (1981). My Debt Towards Bion: From Psycho-analysis as a Theory to Psycho-analysis as a Mental Function. Rivista Psicoanal., 27(3-4):573-586. […]
 
12. 
Di Chiara, G. (1975). Narcisismo, Onnipotenza, Creatività. Rivista Psicoanal., 21(1):161-178. […]
 
13. 
Bronstein, C. (2012). Bion, la rêverie, la contenance et le rôle de la barrière de contact. Rev. fr. psychanal., 76(3):769-778. […]
 
14. 
Szyper-Winkler (2014). La mélancolie blanche, une calligraphie funambule du néant. Rev. Belg Psychanal., 65(1):95-116. […]
 
15. 
Thorner, H.A. (1973). Das Idol. Psyche – Z Psychoanal., 27(4):356-370. […]
 
16. 
Rasmussen, B. Angus, L. (1997). Modes of Interaction in Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Borderline and Non-Borderline Clients: A Qualitative Analysis. Psychoanal. Soc. Work, 4(4):53-73. […]
 
17. 
Rickles, W.H. (1986). 17 Self Psychology and Somatization: An Integration with Alexithymia. Progress in Self Psychology, 2:212-226. […]
 
18. 
Mitchell, J. (2013). Siblings: Thinking Theory. Psychoanal. St. Child, 67:14-34. […]
 
19. 
López-Corvo, R.E. (2013). Time Distortion between “Conceptual” and “Preconceptual” Traumas. Psychoanal. Rev., 100(2):289-310. […]
 
20. 
Kadish, Y.A. (2012). Pathological Organizations and Psychic Retreats in Eating Disorders. Psychoanal. Rev., 99(2):227-252. […]
 
21. 
Charles, M. (2003). Mirroring from the Perspective of the Theories of Matte-Blanco. Psychoanal. Rev., 90(6):791-809. […]
 
22. 
Brown, L.J. (1985). On Concreteness. Psychoanal. Rev., 72(3):379-402. […]
 
23. 
Kadish, Y. (2013). Two types of psychic encapsulation in anorexia. Psychoanal. Psychother., 27(1):60-76. […]
 
24. 
Wood, H. (2011). The internet and its role in the escalation of sexually compulsive behaviour. Psychoanal. Psychother., 25(2):127-142. […]
 
25. 
Darling, L. (2009). A case of body image and eating difficulty. Psychoanal. Psychother., 23(1):61-77. […]
 
26. 
Evans , M. (2008). Tuning into the psychotic wavelength: Psychoanalytic supervision for mental health professionals. Psychoanal. Psychother., 22(4):248-261. […]
 
27. 
Evans, M. (2006). MAKING ROOM FOR MADNESS IN MENTAL HEALTH: THE IMPORTANCE OF ANALYTICALLY-INFORMED SUPERVISION OF NURSES AND OTHER MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONALS. Psychoanal. Psychother., 20(1):16-29. […]
 
28. 
Winston, A.P. (2006). THE OEDIPUS COMPLEX IN ANOREXIA NERVOSA. Psychoanal. Psychother., 20(1):1-15. […]
 
29. 
Land, P. (2004). Thinking about Feelings: Working with the Staff of an Eating Disorders Unit. Psychoanal. Psychother., 18(4):390-403. […]
 
30. 
Stern, J. (1999). Psycho-Analytical Psychotherapy in a Medical Setting. Psychoanal. Psychother., 13(1):51-68. […]
 
 
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