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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

Search Results
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Results 1 - 30 of 353 for your search on "since 2001; Sources citing: </b>Loewald, H.W. (1960). On the Therapeutic Action of Psycho-Analysis. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 41:16-33.<b>":

Galatzer-Levy, R.M. (2016). El borde del caos: Una visión no lineal de la técnica psicoanalítica. Int. J. Psycho-Anal. Es., 2(2):419-444. […]
Ubbels, J. (2020). Intersubjectiviteit in de psychoanalyse van kinderen en adolescenten. Tijdschr. Psychoanal., 26(1):4-16. […]
Goldblatt, M.J. (2017). The psychodynamics of hope in suicidal despair. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 40(1):54-62. […]
Enckell, H. Enckell, M. (2013). The companion to the unknown. With the question as a starting-point and the mystery as a destination?. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 36(1):5-11. […]
Horne, A. (2004). Jaké zajímavé věci říkat dětem - a proč. Rev. psychoanal. psychoter., 6(1):4-14. […]
Erdman, A.L. (2017). The Powerless Therapist and the Helpless Borderline: Acceptance, Aloneness, and Dyadic Joining. Psychoanal. Soc. Work, 24(2):114-130. […]
Felberbaum, S. (2014). Mourning and Creativity: Finding the “Write” Words. Psychoanal. Soc. Work, 21(1-2):40-54. […]
Balsam, R.H. (2018). Internalization, After Loewald: A Powerful and Clinically Useful Concept for Psychodynamics. Psychoanal. St. Child, 71:208-216. […]
Kris, A.O. (2001). Discussion of “Anna Freud and the Evolution of Psychoanalytic Technique”. Psychoanal. St. Child, 56:96-100. […]
Gediman, H.K. (2011). Cutting Edge Controversies: True Contradictions and False Dichotomies. Psychoanal. Rev., 98(5):613-632. […]
Hall, J.S. (2008). Relinquishing Orthodoxy: One Freudian Analyst's Personal Journey. Psychoanal. Rev., 95(5):845-871. […]
Rothstein, A. (2006). Reflections on the Concept “Analyzability”;. Psychoanal. Rev., 93(5):827-833. […]
Birkhofer, C. (2017). Theoretical Diversity and Pluralism in Psychoanalysis: Change, Challenges, and Benefits. Psychoanal. Psychol., 34(1):114-121. […]
Moscovitz, S. (2014). Hans Loewald's “On the Therapeutic Action of Psychoanalysis” Initial Reception and Later Influence. Psychoanal. Psychol., 31(4):575-587. […]
Kogan, I. (2003). When Words are Used to Touch. Psychoanal. Psychol., 20(1):117-130. […]
Stern, S. (2002). Identification, Repetition, and Psychological Growth: An Expansion of Relational Theory. Psychoanal. Psychol., 19(4):722-738. […]
Sirote, A. (2015). The Patient Who Had Me Committed: A Mutually Influential Relationship Between Patient and Analyst in the Context of a Broadening Analytic Frame. Psychoanal. Perspect., 12(1):1-14. […]
Frank, K.A. Bernstein, K. (2012). Therapeutic Action: An Introduction and Overview. Psychoanal. Perspect., 9(1):1-19. […]
Atlas-Koch, G. (2011). The Bad Father, the Sinful Son, and the Wild Ghost: A Psychoanalytic Exploration of the Dybbuk. Psychoanal. Perspect., 8(2):238-251. […]
Blum, H.P. (2016). Interpretation and Contemporary Reinterpretation. Psychoanal. Inq., 36(1):40-51. […]
Miller, J.M. (2013). Developmental Psychoanalysis and Developmental Objects. Psychoanal. Inq., 33(4):312-322. […]
Szecsödy, I. (2008). Does Anything Go in Psychoanalytic Supervision?. Psychoanal. Inq., 28(3):373-386. […]
Eizirik, C.L. (2005). Becoming (and Remaining) an Analyst in Latin America. Psychoanal. Inq., 25(5):667-688. […]
Stern, S. (2016). Enactments in Psychoanalysis: Therapeutic Benefits. Psychodyn. Psych., 44(2):281-303. […]
Auchincloss, E.L. (2016). New Developments of the Therapeutic Alliance (TA): Good News for Psychodynamic Psychiatry. Psychodyn. Psych., 44(1):105-116. […]
Slochower, J. (2017). Going Too Far: Relational Heroines and Relational Excess. Psychoanal. Dial., 27(3):282-299. […]
Cavelzani, A. Tronick, E. (2016). Dyadically Expanded States of Consciousness and Therapeutic Change in the Interaction Between Analyst and Adult Patient. Psychoanal. Dial., 26(5):599-615. […]
Solow Glennon, S. (2014). The One-Sidedness of a Dialogue Between Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Dial., 24(2):227-235. […]
Rehm, M. (2013). Meditations on Aggression, Loss, Discovery, and Influence in Psychoanalysis. Psychoanal. Dial., 23(5):528-541. […]
Levine, L. (2012). Creativity, Spontaneity, Impasse, and Leaps of Faith: Reply to Commentaries. Psychoanal. Dial., 22(4):489-498. […]
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