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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

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Results 1 - 30 of 74 for your search on "since 2016; Sources citing: </b>Racker, H. (1957). The Meanings and Uses of Countertransference. Psychoanal Q., 26:303-357.<b>":

Maldonado, J.L. Solimano, A.L. (2016). Reflexiones sobre trauma, simbolización y dolor psíquico en un caso de neurosis y otro de psicosis. Int. J. Psycho-Anal. Es., 2(5):1359-1385. […]
Kriss, A. (2016). The Player and the Game: Compulsion, Relation, and Potential Space in Video Games. Psychoanal. Psychol., 33(4):571-584. […]
Smith, H.F. (2016). Some Dilemmas of Enactment in Clinical Decision-Making. Psychoanal. Inq., 36(7):527-537. […]
LaFarge, L. (2016). The Stranger Within and the Stranger Without: Confrontation in a Two-Person Process. Psychoanal. Inq., 36(4):273-284. […]
Bonovitz, C. (2016). On Seeing What Is Not Said: The Concrete Mode of Psychic Functioning and the Development of Symbolization. Psychoanal. Dial., 26(3):280-293. […]
Moscara, M. Bergonzini, E. (2021). Integrating the Principles of Transference-Focused Psychotherapy with Psychiatric Consultation for Patients Admitted to a General Hospital: A Clinical Application of a Psychotherapeutic Tool. Int. J. Appl. Psychoanal. Stud., 18(1):18-29. […]
Gonzalez-Torres, M.A. (2016). A quest for truth or solidarity? A third way ahead for psychoanalysis. Int. Forum Psychoanal., 25(3):191-197. […]
Zepf, S. (2016). Psychoanalysis as a natural science: Reconsidering Freud's “scientistic self-misunderstanding”. Int. Forum Psychoanal., 25(3):157-168. […]
Rather, L. (2017). Missing the Analytic Connection: Some Perils of Therapeutic Ambition. Fort Da, 23(2):66-80. […]
Gottlieb, R.M. (2017). Reconstruction in a Two-Person World May Be More about the Present than the Past: Freud and the Wolf Man, an Illustration. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 65(2):305-316. […]
Kattlove, S. (2016). Acknowledging the “Analyst as Person”: A Developmental Achievement. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 64(6):1207-1216. […]
Bronsteın, C. (2016). 7 Seansta Bilinçdışı Düşlemin Bulunup Çıkarılması: Biçimin Tanınması. Ulusl. Psikanaliz Yıllığı, 8:91-114. […]
Knight, Z.G. (2017). ‘If I leave home, who will take care of mum?’ Intergenerational transmission of parental trauma through projective identification. Scand. Psychoanal. Rev., 40(2):119-128. […]
Kuchuck, S. Sopher, R. (2017). Relational Psychoanalysis Out of Context: Response to Jon Mills. Psychoanal. Perspect., 14(3):364-376. […]
Loo, J.L. Ang, J.K. Subhas, N. Wai Ho, B.K. Zakaria, H. Alfonso, C.A. (2017). Learning Psychodynamic Psychotherapy in Southeast Asia. Psychodyn. Psych., 45(1):45-57. […]
Steiner, J. (2019). Comments on “Enactment: Listening to Psychic Gestures” by Gabriel Sapisochin. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 100(5):898-905. […]
Brown, L.J. (2017). The Pioneers of Psychoanalysis in South America: An Essential Guide edited by Nydia Lisman-Pieczanski and Alberto Pieczanski New Library of Psychoanalysis, Routledge, London, 2014; 537 pp. $64.95. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 98(1):266-273. […]
Yerushalmi, H. (2018). Influences on patients’ developing mentalization. Int. Forum Psychoanal., 27(3):157-165. […]
Blackman, J.S. (2017). Pick up the baby (or dire consequences will ensue)!. Int. Forum Psychoanal., 26(1):33-37. […]
Muhlegg, M. (2016). Projective Identification in the Intergenerational Transmission of Unsymbolized Parental Trauma: An Adoptee's Search for Truth. Canadian J. Psychoanal., 24(1):51-73. […]
LaFarge, L. (2017). From “Either/Or” to “And”: The Analyst's Use of Multiple Models in Clinical Work. J. Amer. Psychoanal. Assn., 65(5):829-844. […]
Poster, M.F. Hristeva, G. Giefer, M. (2016). Georg Groddeck: “The Pinch of Pepper” of Psychoanalysis. Am. J. Psychoanal., 76(2):161-182. […]
Sherman-Meyer, C. (2016). Swimming Lessons: Aging, Dissociation, and Embodied Resonance. Psychoanal. Perspect., 13(2):201-213. […]
Teusch, R.K. (2017). PSYCHE-ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR PSYCHOANALYSE UND IHRE ANWENDUNGEN: Volume 69 (2015). Psychoanal Q., 86(1):245-267. […]
Peterson, C.A. (2017). Songs in the Countertransference or “Gilding the Philosophic Pill”. Am. J. Psychoanal., 77(2):177-191. […]
Kuchuck, S. (2018). The Analyst’s Subjectivity: On the Impact of Inadvertent, Deliberate, and Silent Disclosure. Psychoanal. Perspect., 15(3):265-274. […]
Abend, S.M. (2018). Countertransference and Psychoanalytic Technique. Psychoanal Q., 87(3):497-515. […]
Sánchez-Medina, A. (2018). Projective identification and “telepathic dreams”. Int. J. Psycho-Anal., 99(2):380-390. […]
Schwartz Cooney, A. (2018). Vitalizing Enactment: A Relational Exploration. Psychoanal. Dial., 28(3):340-354. […]
Aibel, M. (2020). The Joy of the Session (Notes from the Pandemic Quarantine). Att: New Dir. in Psychother. Relat. Psychoanal., 14(2):193-203. […]
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