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Tip: Understanding Rank

PEP-Web Tip of the Day

When you do a search, you can sort the results bibliographically alphabetical or by “rank”. What is Rank?

Rank refers to the search engine’s “best guess” as to the relevance of the result to the search you specified. The exact method of ranking used varies a bit depending on the search. In its most basic level, when you specify a single search term, rank looks at the density of the matches for the word in the document, and how close to the beginning of the document they appear as a measure of importance to the paper’s topic. The documents with the most matches and where the term is deemed to have the most importance, have the highest “relevance” and are ranked first (presented first).

When you specify more than one term to appear anywhere in the article, the method is similar, but the search engine looks at how many of those terms appear, and how close together they appear, how close to the beginning of the document, and can even take into account the relative rarity of the search terms and their density in the retrieved file, where infrequent terms count more heavily than common terms.

To see a simple example of this, search for the words (not the phrase, so no quotes):

unconscious communications

Look at the density of matches in each document on the first page of the hits. Then go to the last page of matched documents, and observe the density of matches within the documents.

A more complex search illustrates this nicely with a single page and only 15 matches:

counter*tr* w/25 “liv* out” w/25 enact*

There are a lot of word forms and variants of the words (due to the * wildcards) above that can match, but the proximity (w/25) clause limits the potential for matching. What’s interesting here though is how easily you can see the match density decrease as you view down the short list.

The end result of selecting order by rank is that the search engine’s best “guess” as to which articles are more relevant appear higher on the list than less relevant articles.

For the complete list of tips, see PEP-Web Tips on the PEP-Web support page.

List of Articles

Volume 9 (2015)

Issue 1
Editorial  vii
Valerie Sinason
Editorial  x
Simon Partridge
The Use of Attachment Theory in the Clinical Dialogue with Patients  1
Mauricio Cortina
Pathways to Pain Relief—An Introduction  19
Frances Sommer Anderson
Psychosis from an Attachment Perspective  29
Kate Brown
I Am the Voice  53
Esmé Dann
The Little Girl Within  54
Countertransference  55
Freda Child
The Heirloom  56
Freda Child
“Tell Them it is Not Too Late for Someone like Me” A “Failure-to-Thrive Child” Grows Old and Begins an Attachment Based Psychotherapy at Sixty-Seven  57
Sharon K. Farber, Ph.D.
A Letter to Mr Turner  82
A. Wright
Film Reviews
Beyond the Hills, Christian Mungiu (Director), 2012  88
Orit Badouk Epstein
The Act of Killing, Joshua Oppenheimer (Director), 2012  89
Orit Badouk Epstein
Book Reviews
Losing a Parent to Suicide (2014) by Marty Loy and Amy Boelk, published by Routledge  92
Hélène Everitt
The Healthy Aging Brain: Sustaining Attachment, Attaining Wisdom (2008) by Louis Cozolino, published by Norton  98
Caroline Adewole
Being and Relating in Psychotherapy: Ontology and Therapeutic Practice (2013), edited by Christine Driver, Stephen Crawford, and John Stewart, published by Palgrave MacMillan  101
Alexandra Maeja Raicar
List of Contributors  112
Issue 2
Editorial  vii
Kate White
John Bowlby as a Secure Base: Attachment Practitioners in Search of Common Ground  117
Brett Kahr
Obituary: Dr John Bowlby: Cherishing the Children  121
Ann Shearer
In Memoriam (John Bowlby 1907-1990): Ursula Bowlby's Handwritten Copy of “In the Highlands” by Robert Louis Stevenson  124
In the Highlands  125
Robert Louis Stevenson
Remembrances of John Bowlby  126
John Southgate
John Bowlby's Last Interview—15th February, 1990: Discovering the Videotapes of John Bowlby's Last Interview  135
Simon Partridge
John Bowlby: An Interview by Virginia Hunter  138
Andrea Oskis
A Qualitative Analysis of John Bowlby's Last Interview  158
Deborah Rodriguez
John Bowlby: The Timeless Supervisor  165
Arturo Ezquerro
Not by a Fence: A Reminder for Attachment Psychotherapists about the Importance of the Client's Current External Social Network  176
Tirril Harris
The Dynamics of Caregiving: Why are Professional Caregivers Vulnerable to Anxiety and Burnout, and How Do We Support Their Well-Being?  188
Una McCluskey, DPhil. and James Gunn
Attachment and Adversity across the Lifespan  201
Antonia Bifulco
John Bowlby and Attachment Theory, Second Edition (2014) by Jeremy Holmes, published by Routledge  219
Gülcan Sutton Purser
The Origins of Attachment: Infant Research and Adult Treatment (2014) by Beatrice Beebe and Frank M. Lachmann, published by Routledge  224
Alexandra Maeja Raicar
List of Contributors  242
Issue 3
Editorial by Members of the Editorial Board
Attachment Theory, Twenty-Five Years since the Death of John Bowlby: Still Keeping it Real  vii
Kate Brown
Letter to John Bowlby  viii
Orit Badouk Epstein
Thoughts about the Work of John Bowlby and Its Significance to Me  xi
Emerald Davis
John Bowlby and His Influence and Impact  xii
Yvonne Forward
The Work Goes on …  xiii
Gülcan Sutton Purser
Prologue to Dissociation and the Parent-Infant Dialogue: A Longitudinal Perspective from Attachment Research  251
Karlen Lyons-Ruth
Dissociation and the Parent-Infant Dialogue: A Longitudinal Perspective from Attachment Research  253
Karlen Lyons-Ruth
Who Cares? Some Applications of Attachment Theory with a Man Abused in Childhood  277
Mark Linington
“Cross the Bridge to Redefine the Pain”  290
Orit Badouk Epstein
Before the Birth of One of Her Children  294
Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802  295
Because I Could not Stop for Death  295
Ecce Puer  296
“Led Astray by Their Half-Baked Pseudo-Scientific Rubbish”: John Bowlby and the Paradigm Shift in Child Psychiatry  297
Brett Kahr
Attached to Attachment? Attachment Theory, Therapy, and Future Directions  318
Graham Music
From Russia to London: A Personal Account of John Bowlby's Legacy  333
Susan Vas Dias
The Phenomenon of Silence in Psychotherapy  342
Michael A. O'Toole
Book Reviews
Attachment Theory in Adult Mental Health: A Guide to Clinical Practice (2014) edited by Adam N. Danquah and Katherine Berry, published by Routledge  361
Alexandra Maeja Raicar
The Shadow of the Second Mother: Nurses and Nannies in Theories of Infant Development (2015) by Prophecy Coles, published by Routledge: We Obliterate the Paid (or Enslaved) Caregiver at Our Peril  368
Simon Partridge
The Body Keeps the Score: Brain, Mind, and Body in the Healing of Trauma (2014) by Bessel A. van der Kolk, published by Penguin  374
Gülcan Sutton Purser
List of Contributors  385
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